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Resource Documents: Regulations (255 items)


Unless indicated otherwise, documents presented here are not the product of nor are they necessarily endorsed by National Wind Watch. These resource documents are shared here to assist anyone wishing to research the issue of industrial wind power and the impacts of its development. The information should be evaluated by each reader to come to their own conclusions about the many areas of debate. • The copyrights reside with the sources indicated. As part of its noncommercial educational effort to present the environmental, social, scientific, and economic issues of large-scale wind power development to a global audience seeking such information, National Wind Watch endeavors to observe “fair use” as provided for in section 107 of U.S. Copyright Law and similar “fair dealing” provisions of the copyright laws of other nations.

Date added:  March 30, 2024
Massachusetts, Noise, Regulations, WildlifePrint storyE-mail story

Pile Driving Noise Survey

Author:  Rand, Robert

Recent whale and dolphin fatalities on the Eastern seaboard, coupled with concerns about the acoustic impact of offshore wind farm construction, prompted an independent investigation to measure and assess underwater noise emissions from pile driving activities. Specifically, this assessment focused on the operations of the pile driving vessel Orion within the Vineyard Wind project area, with recordings taken in the waters southeast of Nantucket Island. Key Findings: Pile driving noise, even with advanced noise-mitigation techniques, rivals the loudness and frequency . . .

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Date added:  March 30, 2024
New Jersey, Noise, Regulations, WildlifePrint storyE-mail story

Sonar Vessel Noise Survey

Author:  Rand, Robert

Reports of recent whale and dolphin deaths on and near the New York and New Jersey shores, and public concerns of marine noise impacts from offshore wind development activities, prompted an investigation into the sonar noise levels produced by exploratory survey vessels working in ocean areas leased by the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM). This technical report presents the methodology, analysis and results of a brief independent investigation of underwater noise levels from a sonar survey vessel, conducted offshore . . .

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Date added:  December 2, 2023
California, Germany, Israel, Regulations, Siting, WildlifePrint storyE-mail story

Noise pollution from wind turbines and its effects on wildlife: A cross-national analysis of current policies and planning regulations

Author:  Teff-Seker, Yael; et al.

Highlights Wind turbine noise (WTN) can have a detrimental effect on nearby wildlife. WTN can harm vital survival, social, and rearing mechanisms in certain species. Planning guidelines in the US, Germany and Israel do not address these adverse effects. Micro-placement, zoning, and impact assessments can aid in WTN impact mitigation. More research is needed on WTN effects on wildlife to create appropriate regulations. Abstract The quest for cleaner energy has caused governments to expand renewable energy infrastructure, including wind turbine . . .

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Date added:  May 31, 2023
Nova Scotia, RegulationsPrint storyE-mail story

Terms and Conditions for Environmental Assessment Approval

Author:  Department of Environment and Climate Change, Nova Scotia

Wedgeport Wind Farm Project – Wedgeport Wind Farm GP Inc., Elemental Energy Renewables Inc., Stevens Wind Ltd. and Sipekne’katik First Nation, carrying on business as Wedgeport Wind Farm Limited Partnership – Yarmouth County, Nova Scotia – download PDF Higgins Mountain Wind Farm Project – Higgins Mountain Wind Farm Limited Partnership – Cumberland and Colchester Counties, Nova Scotia – download PDF Mersey River Wind Farm – Mersey River Wind Inc. – Queens County, Nova Scotia – download PDF 4 Project Design and Operation Prior to road construction and/or upgrades, the . . .

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