These postings are provided to help publicize and provide examples of the efforts of affiliated groups and individuals related to industrial wind energy development. Most of the notices posted here are not the product of nor are they necessarily endorsed by National Wind Watch.
May 18-21, 2021
e-Conference from Europe:
Ninth International Conference on Wind Turbine Noise
(Presentations will be either oral, poster or part of a workshop session.)
A review of different methodologies to measurement of Sound Pressure Level from Wind Farms
Efficient management of acoustic studies of large wind farm projects
Miguel Ausejo Prieto, Laura Simón Otegui, Rubén García Morales
A model to calculate the delta between internal noise with open windows vs external noise
Andrea Bartolazzi, Cecilia Pompili
A tower wake model for low-frequency noise of downwind turbine rotors
Wind sector management using Beilis Tappert parabolic equation
Validation efforts of an open-source aeroacoustics model for wind turbines
Pietro Bortolotti, Yi Guo, Eric Simley, Nicholas Hamilton, Patrick Moriarty, Carlo Sucameli, Franck Bertagnolio
Development of IEC/TS 61400-11-2: Measurement of wind turbine noise characteristics in receptor position
Sylvia Broneske, Bo Søndergaard
The (psychoacoustic) basics of tonality perception
Markus Buße, Robin Woodward, Sylvia Broneske
Comparison between modelled and measured noise impact with varying ground factors
Kohl Clark, Payam Ashtiani
Prediction of wind turbines infrasound from meteorological parameters
Sarah D’Amico, Timothy Van Renterghem, Dick Botteldooren
Meteorological effects on wind turbine noise at the receptor location
Different sound source setups in the simulation of wind turbine sound propagation
Katharina Elsen, Arthur Schady
Robust noise indicators using Gaussian Processes
Arthur Finez, Favrot N., Petit A., Le Bourdat C., Antoni J.
Estimation of the sound emergence of wind turbines by semi-supervised learning technique
Jean-Rémy Gloaguen, David Ecotière, Benoit Gauvreau, Arthur Finez, Arthur Petit, Colin Lebourdat
A study of the relationship between wind direction and sound level for wind turbines measured in the far field
Effect of grid resolution on airfoil self-noise prediction by large eddy simulation
S. Mohammad Hasheminasab, S.M. Hossein Karimian, Sahar Noori, Saman Lak
Turbulence inflow noise prediction of wind turbine rotors: The physically correct Representations of the Simplified Amiet and Lowson Model
Cordula Hornung, Christoph Scheit, Nils Noffke, Mohammad Kamruzzaman
Calculation of wind turbine noise uncertainty for downwind conditions
Bill Kayser, Vivien Mallet, Benoit Gauvreau, David Ecotière
If they are not being made ill by infrasound, then what is it?
Amplitude modulation characteristics with distance and direction
The effect of wind turbine noise on polysomnographically measured and subjective sleep onset latency in wind turbine noise naïve participants
Tessa Liebich, Leon Lack, Gorica Micic, Kristy Hansen, Branko Zajamsek, Nicole Lovato, Claire Dunbar, Bastien Lechat, Felix Decup, Peter Catcheside
Human subjective responses to wind turbine sound amplitude modulation: meta-analysis and synthesis of laboratory listening studies
Michael Lotinga, Toby Lewis
Changing states: A developer review of the evolution wind farm permissions under New York’s Article 10
Krispian Lowe, Isaac Old, Kenneth Kaliski
A review on the development of airfoils for wind turbine blades
Alexandre Martuscelli Faria, Joseph Youssif Saab Jr., Sara Rodriguez, João Paulo Sales Barreto, Marcos de Mattos Pimenta
Physics-based auralization of wind turbine noise
David Mascarenhas, Benjamin Cotté, Olivier Doaré
Comparison of tonality analysis methods for wind turbine receptor based long-term monitoring datasets
Allan Munro, Adam Suban-Loewen, Cooper Hatfield, Payam Ashtiani
Wind turbine sound quality rating
Establishing sound limits for wind energy: What is the role of annoyance?
Christopher Ollson, Mark Bastasch, Jacbos, United States
Stymied by standards? Arguments for wind turbine noise standards that actually measure irritant drivers
William (Bill) Palmer
Assessment and rating of Wind turbine noise immission at dwellings – the influence of amplitude modulation, aerodynamic noise sources and the Doppler effect
Kai Pies, Sergio Martinez
Assessing Wind Turbine Noise Perception by means of contextual laboratory and online studies
Stephan Preihs, Jakob Bergner, Daphne Schössow, Jürgen Peissig
Decisions made to arrive at an implementation of ISO PAS 20065:2016 as the recommended tonality method for IEC/TS 61400-11-2, and a description of the current and developing implementation specifics to stimulate input and discussion
Tonality Expert Group to PT61400-11-2
The quasi-3D blade and rotor noise prediction methodology for the PNoise code and results
Sara Rodriguez, Joseph Youssif Saab Jr., Alexandre Martuscelli Faria, João Paulo Barreto, Marcos de Mattos Pimenta
On the need for improved prediction models and updated noise regulations to utilize the advanced controls strategies that are available modern for wind turbines
Tonality content analysed with both 1/3 octave band methods and narrowband methods and compared with listening test
Lars Sommer Søndergaard, Mark Bastasch
Long distance noise propagation measurements over water for an elevated sound source – investigating multiple reflections
Lars Sommer Søndergaard, Erik Thysell, Christian Weirum Claumarch, Andrea Vignaroli
Wind farm neighbourship investigated by a daily app questionnaire combining weather, noise and annoyance
Lars Sommer Søndergaard, Christer P. Volk, Tomas Rosenberg Hansen, Lars Enggaard, Thomas Sørensen, Alfredo Peña
Developing new airfoils for larger wind turbine blades
Joseph Saab, Marcos de Mattos Pimenta, Alexandre Martuscelli Faria, Sara Rodriguez
Numerical study of the impact of vortex generators on trailing edge noise
Ferdinand Seel, Thorsten Lutz, Ewald Krämer
Further experience of reviewing noise assessments for wind farms in Scotland and the implementation of the IOA Good Practice Guide to the application of ETSU-R-97 for the assessment and rating of wind turbine noise
Steve Summers, Graham Parry
Identifying the flap side-edge noise contribution of a wind turbine blade section with an active trailing-edge
Alexandre Suryadi, Christoph Jätz, Michaela Herr, Jörg Seume
A characterization of wind turbine noise and background noise levels distributions in far-field receptor testing of wind turbine facilities
Nicholas Tam, Dorsa Fardaei, Duncan Halstead
Audibility and health effects of infrasound
Frits van den Berg, Irene van Kamp
Health effects related to wind turbine sound: an update
Irene van Kamp, Frits van den Berg
Listening test design for adaption of ISO/PAS 20065 (2016) for wind farm noise assessment
Robin Woodward, Markus Buße, Sylvia Broneske
Source: Piscataqua Press
Ready or not, trouble finds Patton Conover …
In “Deadly Turn,” Patton and her wayward dog Pock are hired by a research firm to collect dead birds and bats at wind power generation sites. When a turbine explodes, she stumbles over the body part of an unknown man whose death implicates both her and her dog.
Under a brutal fall heat wave and the unblinking scrutiny of the game warden who is another mystery in her life, she’s drawn into a battle with wind power developers and environmental activists.
Adopted by a teenage trapper who moves into her cabin as he illegally raises an eagle to hunt over the dangerous wind site, Patton is, once again, offered only outlaw solutions to fight for a disappearing world while she tries to clear her name.
Action alerts, Environment, Impacts, Ireland, Press releases, Wildlife •
Source: Wind Aware Dromahair
Semi State COILLTE of
GOLIATH v DAVID–style BULLYING TACTICS
Local community group, WIND AWARE DROMAHAIR, claims that Coillte representatives assured them in 2018 that their proposed Croagh Windfarm, of GIANT wind turbines, would be fully compliant with the new, albeit still draft, Planning Guidelines.
It now transpires that their application to Leitrim and Sligo County Councils is based on the 2006 Guidelines, described some years ago by former Environment Minister Denis Naughten as “manifestly unfit for purpose”.
Undisturbed and undrained bog is universally recognised as a vitally important carbon storage reservoir and now Coillte are proposing to rip up this precious carbon store.
Wind Aware Dromahair’s spokesperson Adrienne Diamond stated that these turbines if built will be nearly twice the height of any existing turbine in the Sligo/Leitrim area. They will totally dominate and alter the local landscape and that of the surrounding area to the extent of being clearly visible right across six counties.
Wind Aware Dromahair has gathered widespread support from the potentially impacted villages and towns, including Dromahair, Manorhamilton, Sligo etc. and the vibrant eco-tourism sector in the area, for their opposition to this grossly inappropriate industrial development. Over 100 people from the threatened areas attended a public information meeting in Sept 2019, and unanimously supported the decision to oppose the development. Local TDs Martin Kenny SF, MEP Matt Carthy SF and Councilors Mary Bohan FF, Sean McDermott FG, Des Guckian Ind, Felim Gurn Ind, among others, also supported the decision to oppose the development.
The community group is adamant that if Coillte’s proposal was for an environmentally appropriate, community-based, sustainable project which aligns with the aims and objectives of North Leitrim Sustainable Energy Community and creates long term employment in this area, it would be wholeheartedly welcomed and supported.
The group further asserts that the proposals presented to LEITRIM and SLIGO local authorities is the polar opposite of this, being nothing more than a naked, high-finance driven, exploitation of the precious rural landscape and peaceful environment that brings so many visitors to LOVELY LEITRIM and SLIGO.
In support of this assertion they recall a quote from Fergal Leamy, former Coillte CEO,
“We always saw ourselves as a developer of these assets [windfarms] and then we’d sell them on.”
Wind Aware Dromahair see Coillte’s proposal as a further part of the attempted forced industrialisation of rural Ireland.
Adrienne said. “The threatened area is home to several endangered avian and mammalian species including the Annex 1 listed Hen Harrier and Corncrake as well as Bats including the Common Pipistrelle, Soprano Pipistrelle, Leisler’s, Daubenton’s and Brown long‐eared bats.”
Adrienne continued, “How can the destruction of native bog and its replacement by thousands of tons of concrete and steel be regarded as being environmentally friendly? Undisturbed and undrained bog is now universally recognised as a vitally important carbon storage reservoir. Furthermore, this landscape, like Shaas Mountain where a massive mudslide occurred as recently as in June this year, is highly vulnerable to landslides. causing huge environmental degradation, pollution and extermination of aquatic life in the many surrounding rivers and streams.”
As custodians of 7% of Ireland’s land and a state company which claims to be “deeply committed to supporting, and developing relationships with, the communities living near our projects and developments” it is incumbent on Coillte to take into account the fears and worries of the people of the areas well as the greater environmental concerns.
She concluded her remarks as follows:
“The size of wind turbines has changed but the 2006 Planning Guidelines have remained the same. In 2006 the average turbine height was 50 to 65 metres, Coillte’s proposed development at 170 metres, is approximately three times this height and the same guidelines apply. In 2006 the smaller turbines were 10 times tip height from the nearest home, now the proposed turbines would only be 4.5 times tip height from the nearest home. This cannot be right.
“We want a Green future for Leitrim and Sligo by continuing to cut carbon emissions and by leading the way with imaginative, sustainable, small scale renewable projects that are suited to our sensitive beautiful landscape and truly create local employment.
“Our small rural community is taking on a giant. We are challenging Coillte, the supposed leaders of the wind energy industry in Ireland. We are fighting to save our Health, our Homes, our Way of Life and what remains of our Irreplaceable Beautiful Landscape. This is a LOCAL ISSUE, a NATIONAL ISSUE and above all it is an ETHICAL ISSUE.”
Wind Aware Dromahair are urging citizens right across the land, as well as rural community groups to join their campaign and submit their strong objection to Coillte’s planning application prior to the deadline of 1st September 2020.
They ask supporters to contact committee members listed below for template objections letters and further guidance on making their submission.
For further information please contact 0851 821 547 (WAD).
—Adrienne Diamond on behalf of Wind Aware Dromahair. 14th August 2020.
Facebook: Leitrim Wind Industry Awareness
Crowne Plaza Hotel, Northwood, Dublin, Ireland
Calling for Papers – Submit your Abstract by 20th November 2020
For our ninth conference we are in Dublin, capital of the Irish Republic. The hotel is ten minutes from the airport but with a bus service every ten minutes to the city centre. For those wanting to stay on site there is the conference hotel or the Holiday Inn Express next door.
The conferences attract delegates from the fields of manufacturing, planning development, academia and research and the environment as well as pressure groups, consultants and exhibitors. WTN2021 will provide an opportunity for all those with an interest in wind turbine noise, to present their work, to see and hear other’s work and to meet together and discuss common problems and solutions. We are now accepting abstracts via the conference website and the abstract deadline is 20th November 2020.
Subjects for presentations can be anything related to wind turbine noise – its generation, its prediction, its assessment and its effects on people. After Lisbon it was apparent that some people wanted more work on noise reduction of turbines and on development of more accurate propagation models. And we need more quantitative information on the impact of AM on people.
With the new draft Irish guidelines and other proposals round Europe, you might want to look at the current state of Regulations. But the choice is yours.
Watch this space for more information. If you are not on the mailing list, sign up now.
Contents (issue 36):
State lawmakers in the Ohio Senate urged to allow SB 234 wind farm referendum
Seneca Anti-Wind Union Investigates, Episode 3 – “Property Destruction, Forgery, and Trespassing; The Abuse of Host Community Citizens” (video link)
Wind Turbine Blades Can’t Be Recycled, So They’re Piling Up in Landfills (Bloomberg News link)
Download PDF: “Windbreaker, issue 36”
View at: campaign-archive.com
Getting Serious about CO₂: Part II (click here for Part I)
Where Do Midwest States Currently Stand in Terms of CO₂ Reduction?
What Measures Can Achieve 1.8% Per Year Reduction in Energy Use?
How Does $4.26 per Month for Accelerated Energy Efficiency Compare to Spending $11.62 per Month for New Power Plants and Transmission Expansion?
Set Your Own Household Standards. Inform Your Wisconsin Lawmakers About Your Progress.
Off the Grid Perspectives After Three Years
Action alerts, Economics, Emissions, Hearings, Iowa •
Source: SOUL of Wisconsin
PUBLIC ATTENDANCE VITAL
December 10, 11 and 12, 9am-5pm
Hotel Julien, 200 Main Street
Your presence is needed to support the efforts of public intervenors at the upcoming hearings in Dubuque. If successful, legal obstacles laid down by transmission builders ITC-Midwest and Dairyland Power Cooperative would remove Ms. Chris Klopp and three other public intervenors from impacting the technical proceedings and:
- Eliminate the only arguments challenging need for the proposed Cardinal Hickory Creek expansion transmission line.
- Eliminate the precedent of an electric customer studying materials and substantively questioning utility assumptions and omissions in a utility case in Iowa;
- Eliminate the precedent of an electric customer directly defending public interests upon which utility decisions are supposed to rest.
- Eliminate the precedent of an electric customer in one state protesting the approval of a “cost shared” transmission project in another state. (Klopp resides in Cross Plains, WI, but such protest could arise from most Midwest states.)
- Eliminate the example of an electric customer insisting on the determination of electric bill impacts and CO2 emission reduction accountability as requested by an affected county government, Dubuque County, IA.
- Eliminate the example of an electric customer criticizing regional transmission planning for providing only regional generalizations of impact, and not clear quantification of impacts on state levels.
Why Ratepayer Resistance?
When a state like Iowa considers the proposal of a transmission line as large and as expensive as Cardinal Hickory Creek (CHC), profiting utilities and citizen parties known as “intervenors” make their arguments in a legal setting or “case.” Unlike regular citizens, utilities can afford to hire several law firms and industry experts to plead for them. Unless they have extra thousands, regular citizens must use the judicial right to represent themselves (without counsel) and, unless they hire technical experts, rely on records in the case or elsewhere to make their observations. Because of her great familiarity intervening in CHC in Wisconsin, this is the path Ms. Klopp has taken in Iowa. Here are some of samples of her observations: Iowa rates increasing fast (p15); transmission builder’s profits (p17); CO2 emissions on order of 2%-4% (p29) Dubuque County Iowa Requests for ratepayers (p7) and lack of cost benefit analysis for Iowa electric customers (p18)
What Obstacles Have Utilities Laid?
The four citizen intervenors are alone against large sums being spent to silence them. In the months leading up to the crucial public hearings December 10-12 in Dubuque, Ms. Klopp has faced round after round of legal filings seeking to strike her testimony and block her participation. She has endured repeated attempts to invade her personal life. Even though Ms. Klopp has studied the CHC case for nearly two years, holds a degree in Chemistry and has decades of experience at the Wisconsin DNR, Ms. Klopp has been routinely called down by law firms and lobbyists for clean energy groups as “lack[ing] training, education, or experience;” and making “misleading statements.” CHC agents are encouraging state regulators to strike her words from the record and “reject her position as unreasonable.”[2,3]
So far, while caring for family members with special needs at the same time, Ms. Klopp has managed to defend her rights from this barrage. The grind will continues through the holiday season without respite.
What Motivates Citizen Intervenors?
Like the majority of families living in rural settings, Ms. Klopp and fellow citizen intervenors Mike Deutmeyer, Linda Grice and Dena Kurt are protecting everything: their homes, farms and the natural assets they steward. Before and after assessments show that property affected by 345 kV transmission lines can lose from 15-75% value. But even greater than devastating financial loss, they know from the experiences of others that once the towering, ever-present reminder is built, it forces people to abandon their homes, their purpose and their pride.
But that is not her strongest motivation. Ms. Klopp, who is also on the SOUL Board, recounted this summer that, personally, she could not allow the Cardinal Hickory Creek proposal that should have been defeated in Wisconsin earlier this year to breeze through Iowa regulatory review without constructive public discussion about the right energy path going forward. She observed that if engineering staff of Public Service Commission of Wisconsin was strong enough to stand up for truth and state that CHC was unlikely to meet transmission builders’ promises and to recommend much less expensive transmission system upgrades, she could too. Ms. Klopp filed to join the three citizen intervenors, bringing in her awareness, experience and skills.
An Injury to One is an Injury to All
Increasingly, citizens, land keepers, environmentalists, neighborhoods and communities across the county are being encroached upon by outside developers seeking to extract local resources for their personal gain. In some respects, the fight for the right of access to lunch counters, busses and elite clubs has climbed to higher order places where state law, agencies and courts are consistently swayed by those who yield more money and legal fire power. Monied interests are increasingly bold in their affronts because they are entirely unafraid to see matters, small and large, end up in court.
Despite the historical, popular opposition to CHC in Wisconsin that included hundreds of thousands of dollars of (mostly pro bono) legal commitment and the best experts in the US, PSC Com-missioners simply stood behind their association with monied interests and thumbed their noses at what was in the best interests of all. When challenged for having conflicted interests, Com-missioner Huebsch, who cannot propose transmission lines on his own, threatened the public in attendance, “And if you believe that this transmission line that we put up is the last you are going to have to deal with, you are wrong.”
Through history, it has been self-betterment, education and the will to solve problems as communities that has forged what is dearest to all. The ability to solve problems, through the bonds of friendships, families, neighbors and nations gives us grace and peace.
Developers with less generous interests are far less inclined to proceed when encountering persons like Chris Klopp and every community possesses such individuals. Consciously recognizing this ability in ourselves and those we depend on may be one of the most important things we can do.
Consider carpooling to Dubuque during the hearings December 10-12 and showing your support. Directions to Hotel Julien: https://goo.gl/maps/gwk1jJazb6n9G6XK9
1. Klopp Reply Testimony, https://efs.iowa.gov/cs/idcplg?IdcService=GET_FILE&dID=277152
Klopp Response to Motion to Strike Testimony, https://efs.iowa.gov/cs/idcplg?IdcService=GET_FILE&dID=279403
Klopp Prehearing Brief, https://efs.iowa.gov/cs/idcplg?IdcService=GET_FILE&dID=280177
2. Motion to Strike Chris Klopp Reply Testimony and Exhibits, https://efs.iowa.gov/cs/idcplg?IdcService=GET_FILE&dID=277864
Resistance in Opposition to Chris Klopp’s Petition to Intervene, https://efs.iowa.gov/cs/idcplg?IdcService=GET_FILE&dID=273996
Klopp Response to Motion To Strike https://efs.iowa.gov/cs/idcplg?IdcService=GET_FILE&dID=279403
3. Quotes, in order:
ITC/DPC Prehearing Brief p.12 https://efs.iowa.gov/cs/idcplg?IdcService=GET_FILE&dID=280124
Clean Energy Intervenors Prehearing Brief p.15, https://efs.iowa.gov/cs/idcplg?IdcService=GET_FILE&dID=280117
4. Valuation Guidelines for Properties with Electric Transmission Lines, By: Kurt C. Kielisch, http://fieldpost.org/StarkEnergy/Studies/Valuation%20Guidelines%20for%20Properties%20with%20Electric%20Transmission%20Lines%201.pdf