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Resource Documents: U.S. (162 items)


Unless indicated otherwise, documents presented here are not the product of nor are they necessarily endorsed by National Wind Watch. These resource documents are shared here to assist anyone wishing to research the issue of industrial wind power and the impacts of its development. The information should be evaluated by each reader to come to their own conclusions about the many areas of debate. • The copyrights reside with the sources indicated. As part of its noncommercial educational effort to present the environmental, social, scientific, and economic issues of large-scale wind power development to a global audience seeking such information, National Wind Watch endeavors to observe “fair use” as provided for in section 107 of U.S. Copyright Law and similar “fair dealing” provisions of the copyright laws of other nations.

Date added:  August 21, 2023
CaliforniaPrint storyE-mail story

Projected cross-shore changes in upwelling induced by offshore wind farm development along the California coast

Author:  Raghukumar, Kaustubha; et al.

[Abstract] In California offshore waters, sustained northwesterly winds have been identified as a key resource that can contribute substantially to renewable energy goals. However, the development of large-scale offshore wind farms can reduce the wind stress at the sea surface, which could affect wind-driven upwelling, nutrient delivery, and ecosystem dynamics. Here we examine changes to upwelling using atmospheric and ocean circulation numerical models together with a hypothetical upper bound buildout scenario of 877 turbines spread across three areas of interest. . . .

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Date added:  August 2, 2023
Texas, WildlifePrint storyE-mail story

An analysis of displacement from wind turbines in a wintering grassland bird community

Author:  Stevens, T.K.; Hale, A.M.; Karsten, K.B.; and Bennett, V.J.

Abstract – Wind energy development is rapidly increasing within breeding and wintering ranges of many grassland birds in North America. Despite recognized environmental benefits of such development, wind farms have the potential to negatively impact bird communities. Using an area-search method, we surveyed grassland birds within a matrix of pastures, hay fields, and agricultural lands at a wind facility in north-central Texas during the winters of 2009/10 and 2010/11. We used binary logistic regression to examine the effect of distance from . . .

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Date added:  July 4, 2023
Economics, U.S.Print storyE-mail story

Comments of Independent Ratepayer Advocates

Author:  Stacy, Tom; and Taylor, George

Before the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission— Modernizing Wholesale Electricity, Docket No. AD21-10-000 We offer comments here primarily to the Commission’s April 21, 2022 Order Directing Reports because the Order appears to focus on seeking supply solutions to the expensive and avoidable supply side problems of Variable Energy Resources (VERs) instead of focusing on the interests of consumers by leveling and broadening the venues in which generating resources compete and cooperate. … We wish to emphasize the importance of resource cooperation. Requiring . . .

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Date added:  May 27, 2023
U.S.Print storyE-mail story

Offshore reference pages: NOAA and BOEM

Author:  National Wind WatchNational Wind Watch

NOAA Fisheries [National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration] Incidental Take Authorizations for Other Energy Activities (Renewable/LNG) This page lists Incidental Take Authorizations for energy activities other than oil and gas (including renewable energy activities and LNG). Active and Closed Unusual Mortality Events Since 1991, marine mammal unusual mortality events (UMEs) have been declared. Bureau of Ocean Energy Management State Activities BOEM facilitates the responsible development of renewable energy resources on the U.S. Outer Continental Shelf.

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