Resource Documents — latest additions
Documents presented here are not the product of nor are they necessarily endorsed by National Wind Watch. These resource documents are provided to assist anyone wishing to research the issue of industrial wind power and the impacts of its development. The information should be evaluated by each reader to come to their own conclusions about the many areas of debate.
Author: Ontario Society of Professional Engineers
Original Goals for Electricity System Transformation
- Reduce CO₂ emissions from power plants:
- Phase out coal plants and build new efficient CCGT gas plants.
- Restart 4 nuclear units at Bruce A and 2 units at Pickering A.
- Add wind, solar, bio-energy and small hydro generation.
- Refurbish nuclear units as they reach end of design life.
- Create new green energy sector jobs:
- FIT program to accelerate deployment of renewables.
- Create 50,000 jobs in new green sector.
- Keep transformation costs within 1% per year in additional costs:
- Install smart meters with Time-of‐Use (TOU) rates.
- Encourage peak reduction and load flattening.
- A careful engineering analysis and grid simulation would have shown that the policy goals could not have been economically accomplished because:
- Backup generation is required for wind and solar. Consequently wind and solar are displacement energy sources.
- The total value of displacement sources to the consumer is only the economic value of the displaced fuel. For hydroelectric and nuclear it’s 0.5 cents/kWh. For natural gas it’s 4 cents/kWh plus a carbon reduction benefit of 1 cent/kWh for each $30 per ton CO₂ of environmental costs.
- The policy to eliminate coal in Ontario reduced the carbon reduction benefit of wind and solar by 2.5× because gas is cleaner than coal. …
Why Will Emissions Double as We Add Wind and Solar Plants?
- Wind and Solar require flexible backup generation.
- Nuclear is too inflexible to backup renewables without expensive engineering changes to the reactors.
- Flexible electric storage is too expensive at the moment.
- Consequently natural gas provides the backup for wind and solar in North America.
- When you add wind and solar you are actually forced to reduce nuclear genera,on to make room for more natural gas genera,on to provide flexible backup.
- Ontario currently produces electricity at less than 40 grams of CO₂ emissions/kWh.
- Wind and solar with natural gas backup produces electricity at about 200 grams of CO₂ emissions/kWh. Therefore adding wind and solar to Ontario’s grid drives CO₂ emissions higher. From 2016 to 2032 as Ontario phases out nuclear capacity to make room for wind and solar, CO₂ emissions will double (2013 LTEP data).
- In Ontario, with limited economic hydro and expensive storage, it is mathematically impossible to achieve low CO₂ emissions at reasonable electricity prices without nuclear generation.
Author: Krisselbrink, Barry
I am writing asking for your support in requesting the CAW [Canadian Auto Workers] to remove the wind turbine which is currently on their property.
As a Developer in the area, I have had sales in the southwest end of Port Elgin fall through because of the noise and health concerns created as a result of the wind turbine running. I have been advised by real estate agents that people won’t even look at properties at that end of town. The value of the land and homes in this area has greatly depreciated due to the wind turbine and is making it challenging to recoup the costs of developing land in this area. This will also impact the Town in the amount of taxes and development fees it will be able to collect.
Homeowners who purchased homes from me in this area and prior to the wind turbine are advising me that they are now suffering from dizziness, vertigo, extreme headaches and vision problems. People are also suffering from high blood pressure, black spots in their vision, nosebleeds and loss of concentration, among other issues. Their health had been fine prior to the wind turbine starting up and this is not what they signed up for when they bought their homes.
We have been constructing homes in Port Elgin for many years and this has been the first time our company is opposing something such as this wind turbine. However, this turbine has been constructed in a very poor location as the revised regulations show. And we are prepared to support all those affected by this wind turbine in having it removed and located to a more appropriate location conforming to the new regulations.
Thank you for your support on this request. Please contact me if I can be of any further assistance in the above-noted matter.
Barry’s Construction and Insulation Ltd.
TO: Council, Town of Saugeen Shores, Port Elgin, Ontario
August 8, 2013
Author: Vestas Wind Systems
The Vestas V117-3.3 MW turbine has a rotor diameter of 117 m (384 ft) and a rated output power of 3.3 MW. Swept area 10,751 m² (2.66 acres). Speed, dynamic operation range 6.2-17.7 rpm (maximum tip speed of 390 kph/243 mph). Total gearbox oil volume 1000-1200 L (264-317 gal). Main contributors to own consumption: hydraulic motors, yaw motors, water heating, water pumps, oil heating, oil pump for gearbox lubrication, controllers, transformer no-load loss; total ~128 kW. [Other contributors to consumption include turning the blades to avoid bending, turning the blades as wind rises, maintaining charge of 192-V uninterruptible power supply, lighting.] Maximum noise level at optimised power: 107.0 dBA 10 m above ground.
Author: “Wind Company”
In consideration of the payment made by Wind Company to Owner, the mutual promises and covenants of the Parties and other valuable consideration, receipt of which is hereby acknowledged, Owner and Wind Company hereby agree as follows.
1. Non-Disturbance and Waiver. Owner shall not engage in any activity that might disturb or cause interference with the construction and/or operation of the Wind Project and waives any and all claims based on nuisance or similar doctrines arising from the Wind Project or any effects of the Wind Project. Owner agrees during the Term not to build any structure more than sixty feet (60′) in height on that portion of the Property within 1,000 feet of any wind turbine on the Wind Property Property existing as of the date of Completion of Construction (hereinafter defined). The term of this Agreement shall commence upon the Effective Date, and shall terminate on the date that the Wind Project is no longer producing and delivering electricity to a third party purchaser of said electricity.
2. Setback from Residences. Wind Company warrants that no wind turbines shall be located within 1,000 feet of any habitable residence, church or school building, io the extent the foregoing exist as of the Effective Date and are in usable condition (provided, however, that the foregoing restrictions shall not apply to seasonally used residences such as hunting shacks or to derelict structures no longer being used by Owner.)
3. Fee. Owner and Wind Company acknowledge that during construction of the Wind Project there may be noise related to construction and other such as traffic inconvenience, dust and dirt on cars and other effects. Tn order to compensate Wind Company [sic] for such construction impacts and the other rights and waivers granted herein, Wind Company shall pay Owner a fee in accordance with the side letter dated of even date herewith (the “Payment”), one-half of which is payable thirty (30) days after the Commencement of Construction and the other half payable thirty (30) days after the Completion of Construction. “Completion of Construction” shall mean the date when all of the generating units and the related equipment for the Wind Project on the Wind Project Property have been installed in their entirety.
4. Default. If Wind Company fails to pay the Payment by the date specified in Section 2 or 3 above, and such failure continues for thirty (30) business days after Wind Company’s receipt of notice thereof from Owner, this Agreement shall terminate, and Wind Company shall have no further rights and remedies hereunder.
5. Mortgages and Assignments. Wind Company may, without need to obtain Owner’s consent or approval, (i) mortgage, collaterally assign, hypothecate, pledge or otherwise encumber and grant security interests in all or any part of its interest in this Agreement; and (ii) assign, transfer or otherwise convey all or part of its interest in this Agreement. Owner may sell, mortgage, assign or convey the Property without consent of Wind Company, but any conveyance shall be subject to the terms of this Agreement. In the event of a transfer of the Property by Owner, Owner shall obtain a covenant from the transferee of such rights that such transferee is subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement and such transferee is entitled to receive the Payment (provided, however, that if the transfer is of less than all of the Property, the Payment will be divided pro rata among the owners of the Property.)
6. Covenants Running With the Land. The Parties hereby agree that all of the covenants and agreements contained in this Agreement touch and concern the real estate described in this Agreement aod are expressly intended to, and shall, be covenants running with the land and shall be binding and a burden upon the Property and Owner’s heirs, administrators, executors, legal representatives, renters, successors and assigns as holders of an estate or interest in the Property and shall benefit Wind Company [emphasis added] and its respective heirs, administrators, executors, legal representatives, successors and assigns and the Wind Project Property. To the extent any of the provisions of this Agreement are not enforceable as covenants running with !;he land the Parties agree that they shall be enforceable as assignable and alienable casements in gross. …
Side Letter to the Neighbor Agreement CONFIDENTIAL
This letter agreement is to set forth the agreement between [ ] and yourselves (“Grantor”) (each a “Party” and collectively the “Parties”), regarding the compensation for that certain Neighbor Agreement (the “Agreement”) between the Parties, dated of even date herewith, and to be recorded in the Official Public Records of [ ]. All capitalized terms not defined herein shall be given the meaning assigned to such terms in the Agreement.
The Parties hereby agree that the amount of the Payment referenced in the Agreement will be $10,000.00 USD, payable as set forth in the Agreement.
You agree that you shall keep this letter agreement confidential and that you shall not disclose the terms hereof, provided however, that you may disclose the terms of this agreement to your lenders, attorneys, accountants and other personal financial advisors, any prospective purchaser of the Property subject to the Agreement, or where required by law or pursuant to lawful process, subpoena or court order; provided that in making such disclosure you advise the party receiving such information of the confidentiality thereof and obtains [sic] the agreement of said party not to disclose such information. …