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Wind Turbine Noise 2011 – List of Papers 

Author:  | Health, Noise, Regulations, Technology


  1. Wind turbine noise in sheltered dwelling area. Appelqvist P and Almgren M (Sweden)
  2. Why turbine noise annoys. Bowdler D (UK)
  3. Description of wind turbine noise by hearing related parameters. Brambilla G and Gallo V (Italy)
  4. Ear training on wind turbine noise emissions. Dutilleux P (France)
  5. Selection of outcome measures in assessing sleep disturbance from wind turbine noise. Hanning C and Nissenbaum M (UK)
  6. A note on the debate about health effects from low frequency noise (LFN) from modern large wind turbines. Hessler GF (USA)
  7. Wind turbine noise and morning blood pressure. Laurie S and Hanning C (Australia)
  8. The influence of vision on noise annoyance evaluation of wind farms. Masullo M, Iannace G, Basturk S, Ruotolo F, Senese VP, Maffei L (Italy)
  9. Adverse health effects of industrial wind turbines. Nissenbaum M, Arimini J and Hanning C (USA)
  10. Evidence based study of noise impacting annoyance. Palmer WKG (Canada)
  11. Responses of the inner ear to infrasound. Salt AN (USA)
  12. The audibility of low frequency wind turbine noise. Swinbanks MA (UK)
  13. Ambient underwater noise in high and low energy flow. Willis MR, Broudic M and Masters I (UK)
  14. Perception of noise from large wind turbines. von Hunerbein S, King A, Hargreaves J, Moorhouse A, Plack C and Pedersen TH (UK)
  15. An overview of residential health effects in relation to wind turbine noise. van den Berg F (The Netherlands)


  1. Computational aeroacoustics for rotating systems. Becker S, Grabinger J, Kaltenbacher M and Scheit C (Germany)
  2. Enhanced wind turbine noise prediction tool SILANT and validation against measurements. Boorsma K, Schepers JG and Verhoef JP (The Netherlands)
  3. Numerical prediction of self-generated noise of NACA 0012 aerofoil. Caridi D, De Gennaro M, Wade AS, Kuehnelt H and de Nicola C (Austria)
  4. CFD analysis of the influence of central shaft on vertical-axis wind turbine noise emission. Castelli MR, Villa A and Benini E (Italy)
  5. Implementation and verification of an aeroacoustic wind turbine blade analysis tool. Kamruzzaman M, Lutz Th, Nubler K and Kramer E (Germany)
  6. Time domain modeling of aerodynamic noise from wind turbines. Lee S and Lee S (Korea)
  7. Wind turbine blade noise mitigation technologies. Petitjean B, Drobietz R and Kinzie K (Germany)
  8. Analysis and optimisation of wind turbine noise under uncertainty. Petrone G, Iaccarino G, de Nicola C, Barbarino M, Quagliarella D and Wittenveen J (USA)
  9. Trailing edge noise reduction of wind turbine airfoils by active flow control. Wolf A, Lutz Th, Wurz W, Stalnov O and Seifert A (Germany)
  10. Integrated airfoil/blade aeroacoustics modeling and validation. Xue S and Wu J (USA)
  11. Aerodynamics and aeroacoustics of unsteady moving airfoils. Yang B and Xu J (China)


  1. Fundamental research in amplitude modulation – a project by RenewableUK. Bass J, Bowdler D, McCaffery M and Grimes G (UK)
  2. Wind turbine amplitude modulation: Research to improve understanding as to its cause and effect. Bullmore A, Jiggins M, Cand M, Smith M, Wright M, Davis R and Oerlemans S (UK)
  3. Long distance amplitude modulation of wind turbine noise. Di Napoli C (Finland)
  4. Low frequency indoor sound from wind turbines. Lindkvist P and Almgren M (Sweden)
  5. Measurement and analysis of swish noise. A new method. Lundmark G (Sweden)
  6. Noise from large wind turbines – an update on low frequency noise. Madsen KD and Pedersen TH (Denmark)
  7. Detection and quantification of amplitude modulation in wind turbine noise. McCabe JN (Canada)
  8. Measurement of amplitude modulation frequency spectrum. McLaughlin D (UK)
  9. Low-frequency noise from large wind turbines and consequences for spatial planning. Pedersen CS, Pedersen S, Moller H and Staunstrup JK (Denmark)
  10. Methods for assessment of the characteristics of wind turbine noise. Pedersen TH and Von-Hunerbein S (Denmark)
  11. Correlating very low frequency sound pulses to audible wind turbine sound. Richarz W, Richarz H and Gambino T (Canada)
  12. The use of improved noise descriptors to assess low frequency noise of wind turbines. Siponen D and Eurasto R (Finland)
  13. Monitoring and mitigation of low frequency noise from wind turbines to protect comprehensive test ban seismic monitoring stations. Styles P, Westwood RF, Toon SM, Buckingham M-P, Marmo B and Carruthers B (UK)
  14. The case for spectral measurements of ambient noise levels in the assessment of wind farms. Terlich M (Australia)


  1. Planning for small wind turbines in the U.S.: A case study. Bennett J (USA)
  2. Appropriate resolution models for MINI wind turbine. Carley M and Bonsignori M (UK)
  3. Evaluation of noise in small wind turbines. Monteiro CA, Carvalho APO and Gomes JAFF (Portugal)
  4. Acoustic analysis of wind turbines with a vertical axis according to ISO 61400-11. Szulczyk J, Cempel C and Golec Z (Poland)


  1. Wind turbine noise exposure in a complex terrain. Bolin K and Karasalo I (Sweden)
  2. Comparison of predicted wind farm noise emission and measured post-construction noise levels at the Portland Wind Energy Project in Victoria, Australia. Delaire C, Griffin D and Walsh D (Australia)
  3. 400 MW on-shore wind park NOP The Netherlands. Dijkstra M and Vrolijk D (The Netherlands)
  4. Comparison of different noise propagation prediction methods against measured wind farm noise levels. Evans T, Cooper J and Stead M (Australia)
  5. On the propagation of wind turbine noise. Guarnaccia C, Lenza TLL and Quartieri J (Italy)
  6. Wind turbine sound amplifying forest. Johansson E and Almgren M (Sweden)
  7. Measurements of sound from wind turbines. Larsson C and Ohlund O (Sweden)
  8. The assessment of noise impact of a wind farm installed in a complex terrain: A case-study in Tuscan hills. Palazzuoli D, Gallo P, Licitra G, Balsini F and Fredianelli L (Italy)
  9. Coherence issues in wind turbine noise assessment. Walker BE (USA)


  1. Characterisation of the emergence of a wind turbine noise source in the environment. Amadasi G, Notini C, Thomas S, Bullmore A, Freneat C and Aujard C (Italy)
  2. Towards a national standard to support the assessment of the noise impact of wind farms. Artom F, Betti R, Carmagnini A, Lenzuni P, Lodi Rizzini L, Marchisio A, Marsico G and Ziliani R (Italy)
  3. Analysis of noise immission levels measured from wind turbines. Ashtiani P and Titus S (Canada)
  4. Long term measurements: A way to minimize uncertainties on acoustic impact control of wind farm. Bigot A, Farotto G and Delafosse F (France)
  5. Lessons learned from long-term noise monitoring at Project West Wind. Botha P (New Zealand)
  6. Influence of wind induced aerodynamic noise on microphones from atmospheric measurements. Cooper J, Leclercq D and Stead M (Australia)
  7. Wind farm noise: Experiences and regulatory proposals. Curcuruto S, Atzori D, Betti R, De Rinaldis L, Lago R, Lanciotti E, Marsico G, Mazzocchi E, Mianulli F, Sacchetti F and Silvaggio R (Italy)
  8. Sound monitoring wind turbines. Dijkstra M and Kerkers T (The Netherlands)
  9. Long term hydro sound measurements at the Alpha Ventus offshore wind farm focussing on pile driving noise. Gabriel J, Lubben A and Neumann T (Germany)
  10. Wind turbines noise’s French regulations – advantages and inconveniencies. Gamba R and Garrigues S (France)
  11. SODAR wind measurements as a mean to refine acoustic analysis of wind projects. Gianni M, Bartolazzi A, Mariani M and Imperato L (Italy)
  12. Accounting for background noise when measuring operational sound levels from wind turbine projects. Hessler D (USA)
  13. Measuring method of wind turbine noise at residential area – consideration by using various noise indices. Ishibashi M, Imaizumi H, Ochiai H, Inoue Y and Yamada S (Japan)
  14. Sound power level assessment. Is a reference position really reference?. Jiraska A (Czech Republic)
  15. A long term noise measurement system for wind farms. McDonald P, Geraghty D and Humphreys I (USA)
  16. Municipal wind turbine community complaints and noise measurement evaluation. Menge C (USA)
  17. Case studies of wind farm’s noise in Tuscany: A proposal for a methodology to identify noise emitted by wind turbines. Nencini L and Alfinito L (Italy)
  18. Recent field measurements of wind turbine noise in Japan. Ochiai H, Inoue Y, Imaizumi H and Yamada S (Japan)
  19. Test bed for acoustic assessment of small wind turbine drive-trains. Raman G, Krishnamurthy M, Ramachandran RC, Pereira C, Shi X and Jiang Y (USA)
  20. Microseismic noise from wind turbines in the vicinity of the Virgo Gravitational Wave Observatory. Saccorotti G, Piccinini D, Cauchie L, Fiori I and Paoletti F (Italy)
  21. Application of IEC 61400-11 in Italian land. Serpilli F, Cesini G and Lori V (Italy)
  22. Testing the new version of IEC 61400-11. Sondergaard B (Denmark)
  23. Investigation of the variation of measured turbine sound power levels, with particular focus on the ground board. Stead M, Cooper J and Evans T (Australia)
  24. Prediction, validation, assessment and compliance of wind farm noise in Australia. Teague P and Leonard A (Australia)
  25. Development of a new noise immission measurement protocol in Ontario. Titus S and Ashtiani P (Canada)
  26. Wind farm noise assessments in Australia. Turnbull C and Turner J (Australia)
  27. Monitoring and modelling the vibrational effects of small (<50 kW) wind turbines on the Eskdalemuir IMS station. Westwood RF, Styles P and Toon SM (UK)


  1. Wind energy in Catalonia trends. Environmental compatability. Arnau J, Escobar JJ and Deltell A (Spain)
  2. Italian regulations on wind farm noise. A state of the art. Bartolazzi A and Mariani M (Italy)
  3. Review of noise conditions from planning permits recently approved in Victoria, Australia. Delaire, C and Griffin D
  4. The compliance checking with the environmental noise limits in authorization process of wind farms:A critical approach in the Tuscan experience. Gallo P, Palazzuoli D and Licitra G (Italy)
  5. Assessment of wind turbine noise using NZS6808:2010 – Experience so far. Hunt M and Chiles S (New Zealand)
  6. Application of policy by local authorities to wind turbine noise applications in England. Perkins RA and Parry GA (UK)
  7. Health based guidelines for wind turbine noise in the Netherlands. van den Berg M (The Netherlands)

Proceedings may be purchased here.

This material is the work of the author(s) indicated. Any opinions expressed in it are not necessarily those of National Wind Watch.

The copyright of this material resides with the author(s). As part of its noncommercial educational effort to present the environmental, social, scientific, and economic issues of large-scale wind power development to a global audience seeking such information, National Wind Watch endeavors to observe “fair use” as provided for in section 107 of U.S. Copyright Law and similar “fair dealing” provisions of the copyright laws of other nations. Queries e-mail.

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