[ exact phrase in "" ]

[ including uploaded files ]


List all documents, ordered…

By Title

By Author

View PDF, DOC, PPT, and XLS files on line
Get weekly updates

when your community is targeted


RSS feeds and more

Keep Wind Watch online and independent!

Donate via Paypal

Donate via Stripe


Add NWW documents to your site (click here)

Wind Watch is a registered educational charity, founded in 2005.

Letter to Victoria Dept. of Health re: physiologic effects of inaudible sound 

Author:  | Health, Noise

This letter is to express our deepest disappointment with the lack of objectivity in the recent report from the Victoria Department of Health “Wind Farms, Sound and Health: Technical Information”.

There are a number of false statements in your report. One severe example is “… the available evidence does not support claims that inaudible sounds can have direct physiological effects”.

Below we have provide citations to six publications from our group where we showed how the ear responds to low frequency sounds up to 50 dB below the levels that would be heard. The experimental methods that were used are well established in the field of auditory physiology. Three of the below citations were peer-reviewed and published in some of the most well respected journals in the field of acoustics and hearing science. Our publications, which were clearly neglected or conveniently overlooked, show that inaudible low frequency sounds do indeed stimulate the ear and produce marked physiological effects.

The stimulation of human inner-ear sensory cells occurs by identical processes to those seen in commonly used laboratory mammals, so there is no evidence that humans are different from other mammals in this respect. Indeed, to be technical, the observation that in humans the response to low frequency maskers changes phase by 90 degrees as frequency is lowered (Zwicker E, Masking-period patterns produced by very-low-frequency maskers and their possible relation to basilar-membrane displacement, J Acoust Soc Am 1977; 61: 1031) is confirmation that the sensory cells of humans are responding in an identical manner to the mammals that we, and others, have studied.

It is highly irresponsible for a Health Department to state as a fact that low frequency sounds can have no physiological effects when publicly-available experimental results prove otherwise. The Health Department is failing to protect the public by their lack of objective and balanced review of the potential risks of low frequency noise.

Publications Cited (which can be provided on request):

Salt AN, Hullar TE. Responses of the ear to low frequency sounds, infrasound and wind turbines. Hearing Research 2010; 268: 12-21.

Salt AN, Lichtenhan JT. Responses of the inner ear to infrasound. Proceedings of the Fourth International Meeting on Wind Turbine Noise, Rome, April 2011.

Salt AN, Kaltenbach JA. Infrasound from wind turbines could affect humans. Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society 2011; 31: 296-302.

Salt AN, Lichtenhan JT. Perception-based protection from low-frequency sounds may not be enough. Proceedings of InterNoise 2012, New York, 2012.

Salt AN, Lichtenhan JT, Gill RM, Hartsock JJ. Large endolymphatic potentials from low-frequency and infrasonic tones in the guinea pig. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 2013; 133: 1561-1571.

Lichtenhan JT, Salt AN. Amplitude modulation of audible sounds by non-audible sounds: Understanding the effects of wind turbine noise. Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics by the Acoustical Society of America (in press).

May 9, 2013

Alec N. Salt, Ph.D., Professor
Jeffery T. Lichtenhan, PhD, Assistant Professor

Department of Otolaryngology
Washington University School of Medicine
St. Louis, Missouri

Download original document: “Letter to Victoria Dept. of Health re: physiologic effects of inaudible sound

Also see:  “Letter to Victoria Dept. of Health re: acoustics of wind turbine noise”

This material is the work of the author(s) indicated. Any opinions expressed in it are not necessarily those of National Wind Watch.

The copyright of this material resides with the author(s). As part of its noncommercial educational effort to present the environmental, social, scientific, and economic issues of large-scale wind power development to a global audience seeking such information, National Wind Watch endeavors to observe “fair use” as provided for in section 107 of U.S. Copyright Law and similar “fair dealing” provisions of the copyright laws of other nations. Queries e-mail.

Wind Watch relies entirely
on User Funding
   Donate via Paypal
(via Paypal)
Donate via Stripe
(via Stripe)


e-mail X FB LI TG TG Share

Get the Facts
© National Wind Watch, Inc.
Use of copyrighted material adheres to Fair Use.
"Wind Watch" is a registered trademark.


Wind Watch on X Wind Watch on Facebook

Wind Watch on Linked In Wind Watch on Mastodon