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Resource Documents by le Pair, C.

le Pair, C.
Facts About the Savings of Fossil Fuel by Wind Turbines in the Netherlands 
Abstract. Electricity production in The Netherlands using renewables, especially wind, has grown to a size that makes it visible in the national statistics of electricity generation. Its influence on fossil fuel consumption can be determined. Based on these ‘official figures’ we show the actual contribution of fuel reduction to be equivalent to about 4,1% of the installed – ‘nameplate’ – capacity. The actual data also provide some insight into the mechanism that causes wind electricity to have such a dramatically . . . Complete article »

le Pair, C.; Udo, F.; and de Groot, K.
Wind turbines as yet unsuitable as electricity providers 
Wind turbines have been widely accepted as electricity producers thanks to claims that wind comes free of charge, and each kWh thus produced replaces a kWh provided by conventional techniques, i.e., it saves the fossil fuel otherwise needed. However, these assumptions have never been validated in existing power distribution systems even after the installation of as much as 86 GW of wind power in Europe alone. The wind energy flux varies with the third power of the wind speed. Wind . . . Complete article »

le Pair, C.
Windmills increase fossil fuel consumption and CO2 emissions 
Abstract First we describe the models presently used by others to calculate fuel saving and reduction of CO2 emission through windparks. These models are incomplete. Neglected factors deminish the calculated savings. Using wind data of a normal windy day in the Netherlands it will be shown that windparks of various size cause extra fuel consumption instead of fuel saving, when compared to electricity production with modern gas turbines only. We demonstrate that such losses occur. Factors taken into account are: . . . Complete article »

de Groot, K.; and le Pair, C.
Hidden fuel costs of wind generated electricity 
Summary Wind generated electricity requires back up capacity of conventional power stations. This capacity is required to deliver electricity to consumers when wind supply is falling short. To have the non-wind power stations ramp up or down to compensate for the stochastic wind variations causes extra efficiency loss for such power stations. How much efficiency is lost in this way and how much extra fuel is required for this extra balancing of supply and demand is unknown. In this article . . . Complete article »

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