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BP, a master of ‘greenwashing’ its public image through advertising, is rushing back to its petroleum base. In reality, it never left it  

In other words, the ad campaign was little more than "greenwashing" -- disinformation intended to present an environmentally responsible public image. BP wanted journalists, politicians, investors and environmentalists to perceive it as a "socially responsible" leader and reward it accordingly.

...Meanwhile, BP's total wind and solar electrical output last year was barely enough to keep the lights burning in Regina, Sask. -- and thoughtful observers began to realize that wind and solar aren't quite as eco-friendly as activists claim.

For two years, the world’s second largest hydrocarbons producer spent many dollars on a clever public relations and advertising campaign to convince consumers that BP no longer stands for British Petroleum, but for Beyond Petroleum.

One ad proclaimed, "We’re one of the largest producers of natural gas … and are investing in the new energy sources of the future – hydrogen and wind. It’s a start." Another tried to get beyond the guffaw test with the line: "We believe in alternative energy. Like solar cappuccino."

Many people were surprised that a huge oil company was so committed to alternative energy technologies. They needn’t have been. BP’s total six-year investment in renewable technologies was US$200-million – the same amount it spent on its "Beyond Petroleum" ad campaign. Nearly US$45-million of this went to buy Solarex Corporation – meaning BP’s renewable energy investment was 0.05% of the US$91-billion it spent to buy oil giants Arco and Amoco back in the 1990s.

That US$200-million is a lot for an ad campaign. But it’s a drop in the barrel for futuristic technologies that were the centrepiece for the slick marketing effort. Moreover, just as the ad campaign was winding down, BP announced it was spending US$6.75-billion for a 50% controlling interest in a rich Russian oil prospect – and will be spending another US$20-billion over the next five years exploring this and other newer fields in Angola, Azerbaijan, the Gulf of Mexico and the Asia-Pacific.

In other words, the ad campaign was little more than "greenwashing" – disinformation intended to present an environmentally responsible public image. BP wanted journalists, politicians, investors and environmentalists to perceive it as a "socially responsible" leader and reward it accordingly.

Few did. Green activists denounced BP for "hypocrisy" and blasted the company for continuing to "exploit some of the world’s most sensitive ecological areas." A major business magazine said simply, "Well, please: If the world’s second largest oil company is beyond petroleum, Fortune is beyond words."

Meanwhile, BP’s total wind and solar electrical output last year was barely enough to keep the lights burning in Regina, Sask. – and thoughtful observers began to realize that wind and solar aren’t quite as eco-friendly as activists claim.

A single new 555-MW gas-fired generating plant in California produces more electricity than do all the state’s 13,000 wind turbines. The gas-fired plant occupies about 10 acres; the giant 200-foot-tall windmills dominate thousands of acres, and kill thousands of raptors and other birds every year. Current photovoltaic technology is just as habitat hungry.

Worse, chief executive Lord John Browne was forced to lower BP’s production estimates three times last year, and the company’s 11% return on average capital was well below that of arch-rivals ExxonMobil (13.7%) and Royal Dutch/Shell (14.8%). BP share prices reflected investors’ displeasure with its poor performance and the fact that the company’s profit margins would not improve for a decade or more if the company remained focused on renewable energy and old oil fields.

Thus, if BP ever really was Beyond Petroleum, going Back to Petroleum (and Bigger Profits) was a sound business decision. However, the "Great Beyondo" ad campaign involves more than mere greenwashing and disingenuous but theoretically harmless puffery. It also reflects the desire of many multinational companies to appease critics and gain a public relations advantage over competitors, by adopting the language of ideological environmentalism.

This radical school of thought increasingly uses ethical buzz-words and dogmas to justify its demands. Chief among them are sustainable development and the precautionary principle, the foundations of so-called "corporate social responsibility" (CSR) and "socially responsible investing" doctrines.

Activists from affluent Western countries developed the doctrines to promote their agendas and oppose energy and economic development. They define what is "responsible," focusing debate on conjectural problems and theoretical needs of future generations of wealthy elites – and ignoring real, immediate, life-and-death needs of people who struggle daily just to survive. The stakes are huge.

More than 1.5 billion people in developing countries do not have access to electricity. Half a billion women and children spend their days collecting firewood, or squatting in mud laced with animal feces and urine to collect and dry manure for fuel. Millions die every year from lung diseases caused by indoor air pollution from cooking fires, and dysentery due to contaminated drinking water.

Hydroelectric or fossil fuel projects could provide electricity for families, water purification plants and economic development. But radical activists oppose these projects and say the world’s rural poor should be content with solar panels on huts.

Today, 14 million Africans face imminent starvation. Desperate people are destroying woodlands and wetlands in search of barely edible plants, and hunting anything that flies, swims or crawls. Biotechnology could save lives, reduce suffering, and preserve wildlife and habitats by enabling farmers to grow more food on less land. But radical activists prevent its use and threaten sanctions on any nation that ignores their edicts – again in the name of sustainable development and social responsibility.

Investors are also at risk, particularly retirees whose futures depend on pension and mutual funds that own nearly US$8-trillion in market share – 50% of the total stock market. Many of these funds are managed less to safeguard or increase principal than to promote radical principles.

The California Public Employees Retirement System is among the largest and most influential of these institutional investors. But as the Wall Street Journal noted recently, the fund "has begun to tailor more of its investment calls to an ideological agenda. Calpers’ fiduciary duty is to its 1.3 million public employees and their families, who expect a solid return on their money." The fund "claims to keep a watch over business, but someone is going to have to keep a more careful eye on Calpers."

Due in no small part to significant investments in companies like Enron, WorldCom and BP, which somehow met Calpers’ slippery criteria for "socially responsible investing," the pension fund’s retirees lost billions of dollars over the past couple years. Somewhere along the line, Calpers’ fiduciary duty to its investors apparently gave way to an assumed duty to activist groups.

Others to watch closely are Robert Monks’ Institutional Shareholder Services, CERES (the business and activist Coalition for Environmentally Responsible Economies), London-based Claros Consulting – and Innovest Strategic Value Investors, which now provides company and industry "sustainability" research for BP Investments, the investment arm of the British Petroleum pension fund. Even the Dow Jones Sustainability Index merits investigation.

All provide supposedly professional, unbiased analytical and advisory services. But they support political agendas based on CSR doctrines, underwrite often questionable analyses, and rely heavily on "stakeholder" (activist) input to justify how they grade companies in client portfolios.

Some of these advisors also work with liberal foundations to recruit, advise and fund labour unions, church groups like the Interfaith Center on Corporate Responsibility, and even attack groups like Greenpeace and Campaign ExxonMobil, whose fusillades against ExxonMobil indirectly benefit BP. All to advance ethics, morality and social responsibility, of course.

For investors, it can be a double whammy. Their retirement nest eggs face financial risk, and they are forced to support causes the retirees may vigorously oppose – causes that lock billions of people into lives of hunger, poverty, disease and despair.

What to do? Urge regulators and journalists to investigate these companies and investor firms for breech of fiduciary duty. Demand that the companies, firms and activist groups open their books and provide full disclosure of their meetings, contacts, and monetary and other relationships. Then insist that legislators change the law, to make these groups subject to the same false advertising laws and the same standards of transparency and accountability that activists insist should govern for-profit corporations. Unbelievably, right now, these ideologues are mostly exempt.

The world will be a better, safer, more ethical place – especially for retirees and the world’s poor.

Paul Driessen

This article is the work of the source indicated. Any opinions expressed in it are not necessarily those of National Wind Watch.

The copyright of this article resides with the author or publisher indicated. As part of its noncommercial effort to present the environmental, social, scientific, and economic issues of large-scale wind power development to a global audience seeking such information, National Wind Watch endeavors to observe “fair use” as provided for in section 107 of U.S. Copyright Law and similar “fair dealing” provisions of the copyright laws of other nations. Send requests to excerpt, general inquiries, and comments via e-mail.

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