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Wind Turbine Noise and Adverse Health Effects – summary, June 1, 2014  

Author:  | Health, Noise


  • What Was Known in the 1980’s About Wind Turbine IFLN and Turbulence
  • Acousticians
  • Rural Health Practitioners
  • Flawed Literature Reviews, Studies, Research Proposals and Reports
  • Others Who Deny the Existence and Severity of the Adverse Health Effects
  • No Research Evidence for Nocebo Effect in Wind Turbine Neighbours
  • Sleep Deprivation and Physiological and Psychological Stress
  • Behaviour of Acousticians
  • Abuses of Human Rights

Download original document: “Wind Turbine Noise and Adverse Health Effects

1. Kelley, N et al, 1985 “Acoustic Noise associated with Mod 1 Turbine; its source, impact and control”
2. Kelley, N 1987 “A Proposed Metric for Assessing the Potential of Community Annoyance from Wind Turbine Low-Frequency Noise Emissions”
3. Hubbard, H 1982 “Noise Induced House Vibrations and Human Perception” (1982) 19:2 Noise Control Engineering Journal 49
4. Kelley, N et al, 1985 op cit
5. Kelley, N et al, 1985 op cit
6. Kelley, N et al, 1985 op cit p 190
7. Kelley, N et al, 1985 op cit
8. Kelley, N 1987 op cit
9. Kelley, N 1987 op cit
10. Shepherd, K & Hubbard H “Noise Radiation Characteristics – Westinghouse WWG 0600 Wind Turbine
Generator” NASA Langley Research Centre, 1989
11. Laratro, A et al “A discussion of wind turbine interaction and stall contributions to wind turbine noise” Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics 127 (2014) 1–10.
12. Cox, R, Unwin, D & Sherwin, T “Wind Turbine Noise Impact Assessment – Where ETSU is Silent” July, 2012 andTurnbull,C&TurnerJ“RecentDevelopmentsinWindFarmNoiseinAustralia” presented at the Denver Conference in 2013 discusses how ETSU 97 from the UK was the basis for the SA EPA Wind farm Noise Guidelines in Australia
13. Horns Rev – further details about the meteorological conditions when that photo was taken are here, by S Emeis, from the Institute for Meteorology and Climate Research, Institute of Karlsruhe, August 2010:
14. Shepherd, K & Hubbard, H op cit
15. Johansson, Dr Mauri 2013 Open Letter “Big Wind Turbines, Health and Disease, a Danish Perspective”
16. Hopkins, Dr Gary, Letter to the Australian Medical Association March 2014
17. Black, Dr Owen 2009 Statement to Planning Hearing, Illinois,
18. Farboud, R. Crunkhorn and A. Trinidade, “Wind Turbine Syndrome: Fact or Fiction” (2013) Journal of Laryngology & Otology, 1 of 5
19. Enbom & Enbom, Review article in a Swedish Medical Journal, and letter to the Australian Medical Association, March 2014
20. Bernier, Dr Linda
21. Harry, Dr A
22. Iser, Dr D
23. Pierpont, Dr N
24. McMurtry, Dr R
25. Reider, Dr S and letter to the Australian Medical Association
26. Tibbetts, Dr J letter to AMA, March 2014
27. Mitric-Andjic, Dr A submission to the Australian Federal Senate inquiry into wind turbine noise:
28. Spring, Dr Wayne submission to the Australian Federal Senate Inquiry into wind turbine noise:
29. Trask, P Psychologist in rural Victoria,
30. Australian Federal Senate Inquiry into the Social and Economic Impact of Rural Wind Farms Recommendations, June 2011
31. Reports, and the corresponding critiques are available here:
32. AWEA CANWEA (American Wind Energy Association, Canadian Wind Energy Association) 2009 Review by David Colby, Robert Dobie, Geoffrey Leventhall, David Lipscomb, Robert McCunney, Michael Seila, and Bo Sondergaard
33. NHMRC 2010 Rapid Review
34. Health Canada announcement and our comments in September 2012 about that study design
35. Victorian Health Department document, issued in April 2013 which ignored the evidence relating to infrasound in particular, which prompted three leading international researchers (Neurophysiologists Professor Alec Salt and Jeffrey Lichtenhan, USA and Emeritus Professor Colin Hansen, Australia) to write to the Victorian Minister for Health and urged him to intervene to remove or amend the statement so it was no longer misleading.
36. SA EPA Acoustic Survey at Waterloo Wind Development, and critical comments about it are here:
37. NHMRC commissioned Systematic Literature Review was released in February 2014. The review, and the detailed critiques of that literature review by ourselves and others are available at the following , with our detailed critique outlining the misclassifications of studies, and the omissions of highly relevant material accessible here:
38. The Australian Medical Association’s position statement in March 2014 provoked international outrage from researchers, health practitioners, acousticians, and residents impacted by wind turbines and other sources of infrasound and low frequency noise. The position statement and the publicly available letters are here:
39. Arra & Lynn, 2013 Powerpoint presentation of findings of literature review, itself submitted for peer review and publication and the peer reviewed published journal article is here:
40. Open letter to Simon Chapman
41. More details are available at the links in this public statement:
42. Multiple references to various opinion pieces in footnotes to the open letter to Simon Chapman Chapman’s research paper is accessible here: and detailed critiques of his research can be found by Hartman Gulden and Laurie
43. The likelihood of confirmation bias in Chapman et al’s work was addressed by Professor Robert McMurtry in his critique of Chapman et al’s paper
44. Crichton, T et al 2013, “Can Expectations Produce Symptoms From Infrasound Associated With Wind Turbines”
45. Punch, J 2013
46. Swinbanks, M 2013
47. Harry, A op cit, and Stigwood, M “Wind Farm Noise – The sacrifice of the Rural Minorities”
48. Iser, D, Trask, P, op cit and Thorne, R 2012 “Wind Farm Generated Noise and Adverse Health Effects” a case series with comparative data and acoustic field survey data, submitted to the 2012 Federal Senate Inquiry
49. Multiple Scandinavian studies, listed in Arra & Lynn, op cit also included in the NHMRC 2014 Systematic Literature Review
50. Nissenbaum, M et al September, October 2012 “Effects of Industrial wind Turbines on Sleep and Health” Noise & Health , and Walker, Hessler, Rand & Schomer “Cooperative Measurement Survey and AnalysisofLowFrequencyandInfrasoundattheShirleyWindFarm December2012 frequency-infrasound-at-shirley-wind-farm/
51. Krogh, C et al and Paller, C et al “Wind Turbine Noise, Sleep Quality, Symptoms of Inner Ear Problems”
52. Shepherd, D et al 2011 September – October 2011 “Evaluating Impact of Wind Turbine Noise on Health related Quality of Life” Noise & Health and Bakker, Bennett, Rapley and Thorne, 2009 “Seismic Effects onresidentsfrom3MWWindTurbines”
53. Nissenbaum, response to question on notice to Australian Federal Senate inquiry November, 2012
54. WHO Night Noise Guidelines for Europe, 2009
55. Capuccio et al 2011 “Sleep Duration Predicts Cardiovascular Outcomes: A Systematic Review and Meta Analysis of Prospective Studies” European Heart Journal
56. Munzel et al 2014 “Cardiovascular Effects of Environmental Noise Exposure” European Heart Journal
57. McEwen, B 1998 “Protective and Damaging Effects of Stress Mediators” New England Journal of Medicine 1998, 338 171–179
58. Hallstein, W 2013 Letter to Falmouth Board of Health
59. Hallstein, ibid
60. Salt, A and Lichtenhan, J 2014 Acoustics Today “How does wind turbine noise affect people?”
61. Pierpont, Dr N op cit
62. Schomer, Dr P et al
63. Enbom & Enbom op cit
64. Alves-Pereira, M et al , and and and and
65. Castelo Branco, Dr Nuno
66. Details of the British, Canadian, American and Australian codes of ethics for acousticians and noise engineers are at the following:
67. Cooper, S 2012 “Wind Farm Noise: an ethical dilemma for acousticians”
68. Kelley, N et al 1985 op cit, p 225
69. Details of the British, Canadian, American and Australian codes of ethics for acousticians and noise
engineers are at the following:
70. See for example the detailed letter written by Ontario lawyer Eric Gillespie in 2012 to the Canadian Prime Minister, Premiers, and Attorneys General
71. UN Convention against Torture
72. Comments of the Committee against Torture regarding sleep deprivation
73. Physicians for Human Rights report “Leave No Marks” 2007
74. UN Convention Rights of the Child in Australia
75. See for example the following WHO documents: Community Noise, 1999 and 2009 WHO Night Noise Guidelines for Europe and 2011 WHO Environmental Noise, Burden of Disease from Environmental
76. Dr David Iser’s letters to Victorian Premier and Ministers
77. Falmouth USA decision by Justice Muse 2013
78. The Kelley parameters are at footnote 10 of the Waubra Foundation’s Explicit Warning Notice

This material is the work of the author(s) indicated. Any opinions expressed in it are not necessarily those of National Wind Watch.

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