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Quantifying CO₂ savings from wind power: Ireland

Abstract. The contribution of wind power generation to operational CO₂ savings is investigated for the Irish electricity grid. Wind contributed 17% of electricity demand in 2011 and reduced CO₂ emissions by 9%. Wind energy saved 0.28 tCO₂/MWh on average, relative to a grid carbon intensity in the absence of wind of 0.53 tCO₂/MWh. Emissions savings are at the lower end of expectations. It is likely that this reflects decreasing effectiveness of wind power as wind penetration increases.

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