Author: | Noise
Wind farms often evoke strong annoyance reactions in residents. Literature suggests that both acoustical characteristics and the visibility of wind turbines may contribute to noise annoyance. However, studies on the mutual audio-visual effects on annoyance are still rare. The objective of this study was to investigate the short-term noise annoyance reactions to different wind turbine noise situations in a controlled laboratory experiment. A set of 24 audio-visual rural scenarios containing a single wind turbine was synthesized, i.e., visualized and auralized. Combined with the full factorial experimental design, this allowed separating the individual contributions of the following variables to noise annoyance: distance to the wind turbine, periodic amplitude modulation of the sound (with, without) and visual setting (landscape with or without wind turbine; grey background). The experiment revealed that both visual and acoustical characteristics strongly affect noise annoyance. Annoyance increased with periodic amplitude modulation and/or decreased when a landscape was visible. For the latter case, the visibility of a wind turbine increased annoyance. While the acoustical effects could be reliably assessed, the visual effects were less straightforward to reveal, as they are afflicted with carryover effects. The presentation order of audio-visual stimuli was therefore found to be crucial for study outcomes.
Beat SCHÄFFER, Reto PIEREN
Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology
Ulrike WISSEN HAYEK, Nadine BIVER, Adrienne GRÊT-REGAMEY
ETH Zurich, Institute for Spatial and Landscape Development, Switzerland
Proceedings of the 23rd International Congress on Acoustics, 9–13 September 2019, Aachen, Germany: pages 1437–1440.
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