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Resource Documents: Law (67 items)


Unless indicated otherwise, documents presented here are not the product of nor are they necessarily endorsed by National Wind Watch. These resource documents are shared here to assist anyone wishing to research the issue of industrial wind power and the impacts of its development. The information should be evaluated by each reader to come to their own conclusions about the many areas of debate. • The copyrights reside with the sources indicated. As part of its noncommercial educational effort to present the environmental, social, scientific, and economic issues of large-scale wind power development to a global audience seeking such information, National Wind Watch endeavors to observe “fair use” as provided for in section 107 of U.S. Copyright Law and similar “fair dealing” provisions of the copyright laws of other nations.

Date added:  March 30, 2024
Massachusetts, Noise, Regulations, WildlifePrint storyE-mail story

Pile Driving Noise Survey

Author:  Rand, Robert

Recent whale and dolphin fatalities on the Eastern seaboard, coupled with concerns about the acoustic impact of offshore wind farm construction, prompted an independent investigation to measure and assess underwater noise emissions from pile driving activities. Specifically, this assessment focused on the operations of the pile driving vessel Orion within the Vineyard Wind project area, with recordings taken in the waters southeast of Nantucket Island. Key Findings: Pile driving noise, even with advanced noise-mitigation techniques, rivals the loudness and frequency . . .

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Date added:  March 30, 2024
New Jersey, Noise, Regulations, WildlifePrint storyE-mail story

Sonar Vessel Noise Survey

Author:  Rand, Robert

Reports of recent whale and dolphin deaths on and near the New York and New Jersey shores, and public concerns of marine noise impacts from offshore wind development activities, prompted an investigation into the sonar noise levels produced by exploratory survey vessels working in ocean areas leased by the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM). This technical report presents the methodology, analysis and results of a brief independent investigation of underwater noise levels from a sonar survey vessel, conducted offshore . . .

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Date added:  March 19, 2024
Ireland, Law, NoisePrint storyE-mail story

Webster/Rollo and Shorten/Carty vs Meenacloghspar Wind

Author:  Egan, Emily

Judgment of Ms. Justice Emily Egan delivered on the 8th day of March 2024 Ballyduff, Enniscorthy, Co. Wexford— 582. I find that there are frequent and sustained periods during which AM [amplitude modulation] values are conservatively in excess of 5 or 6 dBA. I also find that there are regular periods during which the AM values are considerably in excess of 6 dBA, in the order of 10 dBA or more. I find that such high AM values exacerbate the . . .

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Date added:  February 17, 2024
Contracts, Environment, TechnologyPrint storyE-mail story

8 Steps Used by Windpower Developers to Create Agreements

Author:  van Warmerdam, Carl

People who believe that offshore wind turbines can help solve climate change are misinformed. Because the facts are that they will not. Even the companies building them make no such claim. And the truth, based on facts, will always trump belief. I am not a climate denier, but you don’t have to be a climate denier to know that these things are bad and are doomed to failure. And you also don’t have to be linked to the fossil fuel . . .

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