Resource Documents: India (5 items)
Documents presented here are not the product of nor are they necessarily endorsed by National Wind Watch. These resource documents are provided to assist anyone wishing to research the issue of industrial wind power and the impacts of its development. The information should be evaluated by each reader to come to their own conclusions about the many areas of debate.
Author: Thaker, Maria; Zambre, Amod; Bhosale, Harshal; et al.
[abstract] Wind farms are a cleaner alternative to fossil fuels for mitigating the effects of climate change, but they also have complex ecological consequences. In the biodiversity hotspot of the Western Ghats in India, we find that wind farms reduce the abundance and activity of predatory birds (for example, Buteo, Butastur and Elanus species), which consequently increases the density of lizards, Sarada superba. The cascading effects of wind turbines on lizards include changes in behaviour, physiology and morphology that reflect a combination of predator release and density-dependent competition. By adding an effective trophic level to the top of food webs, we find that wind farms have emerging impacts that are greatly underestimated. There is thus a strong need for an ecosystem-wide view when aligning green-energy goals with environment protection.
Maria Thaker, Amod Zambre, and Harshal Bhosale
Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru
Nature Ecology & Evolution. Published online November 5, 2018. doi: 10.1038/s41559-018-0707-z
Download original document: “Wind farms have cascading impacts on ecosystems across trophic levels”
Author: Namakkal Transport Carriers and Lego
Author: Jamwal, Nidhi; and Lakhanpal, Shikha
Maharashtra shows that when incentives for wind energy are based on investment, not power generation, they give a fillip to moneymaking rather than clean energy.
Progressive Maharashtra has rushed to install wind energy plants. But, ask Nidhi Jamwal and Shikha Lakhanpal, reporting from Mumbai and Dhule, why so little electricity is actually generated. Is there another purpose to private interest in wind? Of greater note: If India must develop wind energy, should it go the way of this state?
Author: Panja, Partha Sarathi
This paper estimates and discusses the effect on cloud and rain formation of using wind energy on a large scale: “Earlier studies did not include the effect of extraction of kinetic energy from wind upon other natural processes …”
Presented at International Seminar on Clean Energy, 15-16 October 2007, CMERI, Durgapur, West-Bengal, India.
Partha Sarathi Panja
Depertment of Mechanical Engineering
Download original document: “Use of Wind Energy in Power Generation : Some Questions”