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Resource Documents: Michigan (20 items)
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Author: Hicks, Scott
… Based on the data currently available, we must once again recommend that you not construct a commercial wind energy development on the Garden Peninsula, because of the high potential for avian mortalities and violations of Federal wildlife laws. Since 2007, our office has expressed significant concerns with this project. Our concerns are based on several factors, including the proximity of the project to a Great Lakes shoreline and Big Bay de Noc, the proximity of the project to adjacent . . .More »
Dynamic measurements of wind turbine acoustic signals, employing sound quality engineering methods considering the time and frequency sensitivities of human perception
Author: Bray, Wade; and James, Richard
A set of binaural time-recordings and analyses of wind turbine noise outside and inside a residence in Huron County, Michigan, made over two days and the intervening night in December 2009, is presented, centering on analysis at the time-frequency resolutions of human hearing according to the well-established practices of sound quality engineering and soundscaping. The purpose of this paper is to present wind turbine acoustic measurements at these time-frequency scalings and to suggest that such consideration, frequently neglected in favor . . .More »
Author: MacMillan, William; Punch, Jerry; and Rosenman, Kenneth
On April 16, 2008, a document titled Sample Zoning for Wind Energy Systems was published by the state of Michigan. That document is attached as an appendix. Recent contacts with Michigan state government offices revealed that the state has no current plans to update the guideline. Consequently, we prepared this report in an attempt to inform the public and assist municipalities and counties that are responsible for developing zoning for wind energy systems. We strongly recommend that the state of . . .More »
Author: Weed, Carolyn
With little consideration of low frequency noise standards, which vary from country to country, the inadequacy of Michigan’s wind turbine noise standard becomes apparent when reviewing general noise level standards for community noise and wind turbine noise that have been adopted around the world. Compare these standards with those specified in the Michigan Wind Guidelines: 55dB(A) (or, if ambient noise is greater than 55dB(A), ambient level plus 5 dB(A). Michigan Standards also exceed regulatory limits set in Denmark, the Netherlands, . . .More »