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Resource Documents by Various

Leading edge erosion of wind turbine blades: a sampling of research 
Water droplet erosion of wind turbine blades: mechanics, testing, modeling and future perspectives Mohamed Elhadi Ibrahim and Mamoun Medraj Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Concordia University, Montréal, Québec, Canada [Abstract] The problem of erosion due to water droplet impact has been a major concern for several industries for a very long time and it keeps reinventing itself wherever a component rotates or moves at high speed in a hydrometer environment. Recently, and as larger wind turbine blades are used,erosion . . . Complete article »

Santé des hommes et des animaux face aux infrasons produits par les éoliennes 
Actes du Colloque du 16 Novembre 2018— SOMMAIRE Introduction John Yelland, physicien et ingénieur Jean-Paul Borsotti, neurologue Marie-Stella Duchiron, Docteur en sciences forestières, ingénieur du génie rural, des eaux et des forêts Bruno Frachet, oto-rhino-laryngologiste Gilbert Mouthon, vétérinaire, Yves Couasnet, Docteur en sciences et techniques du bâtiment (ENCP), ingénieur acousticien Mariana Alves-Pereira, ingénieur biomédical et docteur en sciences de l’environnement Henri Delolme, médecin épidémiologiste ANNEXES Les effets du bruit au travail sur la santé Le principe de dose-effet en acoustique . . . Complete article »

Three estimates of decommissioning cost 
Brian R. Zelenak, Manager, Regulatory Administration, Xcel Energy, February 8, 2011 – re: Nobles Wind Energy Project, Minnesota, 1.5-MW turbines. [download] A conservative estimate for a decommissioning expense is approximately four-hundred forty-five thousand dollars ($445,000) per turbine (2009 dollars).* *Includes allowance for salvage value and based on total dismantling cost estimate for the project of 8.7% of the total plant balance of $510,965,406, equaling an estimated dismantling cost [of] $44.5 million or $445,000 per turbine. [NWW note: The Nobles project consists . . . Complete article »

WHO Noise and Health Evidence Reviews 
A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health: WHO Environmental Noise Guidelines for the European Region: A Systematic Review of Transport Noise Interventions and Their Impacts on Health. Brown, A.; van Kamp, I. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(8), 873; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14101139. http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/14/10/1139 Supplementary material WHO Environmental Noise Guidelines for the European Region: A Systematic Review on Environmental Noise and Adverse Birth Outcomes. Nieuwenhuijsen, M.; Ristovska, G.; Dadvand, P. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health . . . Complete article »

Physical and mental health issues in wind farm workers 
Preliminary evaluation of mental status and an investigation of occupational health knowledge demand in operating and maintenance personnel in wind power plants Abstract [article in Chinese] — Objective: To investigate the mental status, level of occupational health knowledge, health behaviors, and occupational health knowledge demand in operating and maintenance personnel in wind power plants, and to provide a basis for formulating protective measures of occupational health for operating and maintenance personnel in wind power plants. Methods: A cluster sampling was . . . Complete article »

12th ICBEN Congress on Noise as a Public Health Problem 
Selected papers from the 12th International Commission on Biological Effects of Noise Congress on Noise as a Public Health Problem, Zurich, 18–22 June 2017: “Recent progress in the field of non-auditory health effects of noise – trends and research needs” by Yvonne de Kluizenaar and Toshihito Matsui – The Netherlands and Japan … A wealth of new research on non-auditory health effects of noise has been published over the last 3 years. … “Health Effects of Low Frequency Noise and Infrasound from . . . Complete article »

Why wind power does not substantially reduce emissions 
Several analysts (links below) have examined the consequences of fossil fuel–fired generators, particularly natural gas, having to modulate their output and frequently start and stop to balance the highly variable infeed from wind turbines so that electrical supply is stable and reliable. The question is to factor in the increased emissions from operating the generators in that way compared with operating them more steadily, i.e., if they were not required to cope with the fluctuating contribution from wind turbines: How . . . Complete article »

Selection of recent studies on birds and bats and wind turbines 
Watson, J. W., Duff, A. A. and Davies, R. W. (2014), Home range and resource selection by GPS-monitored adult golden eagles in the Columbia Plateau Ecoregion: Implications for wind power development. Journal of Wildlife Management, 78(6): 1012–1021. doi:10.1002/jwmg.745 [download PDF] Katzner, T. E., Brandes, D., Miller, T., Lanzone, M., Maisonneuve, C., Tremblay, J. A., Mulvihill, R. and Merovich, G. T. (2012), Topography drives migratory flight altitude of golden eagles: implications for on-shore wind energy development. Journal of Applied Ecology, 49(5): . . . Complete article »

Journal of the Acoustical Society of America: Special issue on wind turbine noise 
Effect of modulation depth, frequency, and intermittence on wind turbine noise annoyance Christina Ioannidou, Sébastien Santurette and Cheol-Ho Jeong J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 139, 1241 (2016); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.4944570 [Download original document] Amplitude modulation (AM) may be an important factor for the perceived annoyance of wind turbine noise (WTN). Two AM types, typically referred to as “normal AM” (NAM) and “other AM” (OAM), characterize WTN AM, OAM corresponding to having intermittent periods with larger AM depth in lower frequency regions than NAM. . . . Complete article »

Literature Reviews of the Ecological Impacts of Offshore Wind Farms 
Benthic Communities and Habitats – Karin Meißner & Holmer Sordyl, Institute of Applied Ecology, Neu Broderstorf, Germany. Fish Fauna – Oliver Keller, Karin Lüdemann & Rudolf Kafemann, Institute of Applied Fish Biology, Hamburg, Germany. Seabirds – Volker Dierschke & Stefan Garthe, Research and Technology Centre, West Coast, Kiel University, Büsum, Germany. Marine Mammals – Klaus Lucke, Sandra Storch, Justin Cooke & Ursula Siebert, Research and Technology Centre, West Coast, Kiel University, Büsum, and Centre for Ecosystem Management Studies, Gutach, Germany. —2006 Download original document: . . . Complete article »

Submissions to the Senate Select Committee on Wind Turbines: neighbors 
Bill & Sandra Rogerson “are third generation farmers and live adjacent to the 32 turbine Oaklands Hill Wind Farm at Glenthompson Victoria, operated by AGL. Our house is 2.5km and our woolshed where we work almost every day is 1.7 km from the nearest turbine. Our problems entail A constant humming and vibration in my ears, that began soon after the wind farm started which is only relieved by leaving the area; the continual waking at night; my husband who . . . Complete article »

Expert Review: Evidence on Wind Farms and Human Health 
The NHMRC Draft Information Paper: Evidence on Wind Farms and Human Health was critically appraised by six Australian and international reviewers whose expertise covered: acoustics; aerospace engineering (including aero acoustics); mental health and sleep; epidemiology; and environmental health. The expert reviewers were asked to consider whether the rationale applied in examining the evidence was clearly explained and whether the evidence was accurately translated into the draft Information Paper. They were also asked to evaluate the appropriateness of the conclusions based . . . Complete article »

Selected abstracts from Inter-Noise 2014 
Selected abstracts from the 43rd Inter-Noise Congress, Melbourne, Australia, 16-19 November 2014. Click here to download the complete Book of Abstracts – Inter-Noise 2014. Also see:  Wind turbine noise: papers from Inter-Noise 2014 conference Public participation at measures to reduce noise in Germany Zeisler, Annett Federal Environment Agency, Germany Download complete article. An essential part of a modern noise reduction strategy is the involvement of the public. This important approach is implemented in the European Environmental Noise Directive. According to . . . Complete article »

Wind turbine noise: papers from Inter-Noise 2014 conference 
Inter-Noise 2014: 43rd International Congress on Noise Control Engineering Melbourne, Australia, 16-19 November 2014 See also: Investigation of the time-dependent nature of infrasound measured near a wind farm – Branko Zajamšek, Kristy Hansen, Colin Hansen, University of Adelaide, Australia Comparison of the noise levels measured in the vicinity of a wind farm for shutdown and operational conditions – Kristy Hansen, Branko Zajamšek, Colin Hansen, University of Adelaide, Australia More abstracts The noise characteristics of ‘compliant’ wind farms that adversely affect its neighbours . . . Complete article »

Wind Farms and Human Health Scientific Forum 
On Tuesday 7 June 2011 NHMRC [National Health and Medical Research Council, Australia] conducted a scientific forum on the possible health effects of wind turbines. The forum provided an opportunity for NHMRC to hear the latest international scientific evidence and to engage with stakeholders over the range of issues for which there is public concern. Panel One: current evidence on health impacts Professor Geoffrey Leventhall Professor Mariana Alves-Pereira Download presentation (PDF):  Wind Farms and Human Health – Geoff Leventhall Download . . . Complete article »

Impacts of Industrial Wind Development on Wildlife and Ridgeline Habitat 
Dedication Every New Englander has a right to have an unencumbered and uncompromised mountain in their backyard. This is dedicated to all New Englanders in the private sector and government who have put their energy, time and money towards the preservation of these fragile mountain landscapes. For these mountains are a part of their heart and soul. They are about freedom, wildness and diversity. They allow us to step back from our fast-paced world and walk into the future with . . . Complete article »

“Wind Turbine Noise” — Responses to BMJ Editorial 
17 reviews on wind turbines and health … and not a single one referenced. Simon Chapman, Professor of Public Health, School of Public Health, University of Sydney 11 March 2012 Hanning and Evans, two writers who declare histories of anti-windfarm activity, say that “a large body of evidence” now exists that wind turbines disturb sleep and impair health within permissible distances from housing [1]. They are correct in saying that a large body of relevant evidence exists, but wildly incorrect . . . Complete article »

Proceedings of Acoustics 2013: Measuring wind turbine noise 
Proceedings of Acoustics 2013, 17-20 November 2013, Victor Harbor, Australia Development of a technique to minimise the wind-induced noise in shielded microphones S.V. Alamshah, A.C. Zander School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia V.V. Lenchine Science & Assessment Division, SA Environment Protection Authority, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia Environmental noise measurements are usually performed in atmospheric conditions where wind and thus turbulent flow over the microphone is present. In such conditions the measured noise is highly affected . . . Complete article »

Wind turbines at Inter-Noise 2013 (abstracts) 
The 42nd International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering, Innsbruck, Austria, 15-18 September 2013 Social survey on community response to wind turbine noise in Japan Kuwano, Sonoko (Osaka University); Yano, Takashi (Kumamoto University); Kageyama, Takayuki (Oita University of Nursing and Health Sciences); Sueoka, Shinichi (Sueoka Professional Engineer Office); Tachibana, Hideki (Chiba Institute of Technology) – Japan A committee of Research on the Evaluation of Human Impact of Low Frequency Noise from Wind Turbine Generators conducted a serie sof physical measurements, . . . Complete article »

Community impacts of Waterloo wind energy development 
Select Committee on Wind Farm Developments in South Australia, The Legislative Council, Wednesday 17 July 2013. Witnesses: ALLAN AUGHEY, Mayor, Clare and Gilbert Valleys Council PETER MATTEY, Mayor, Regional Council of Goyder MARY MORRIS and WANDA ALLOTT JULIE QUAST and JOHN FAINT, Waterloo and District Concerned Citizens Group JIM DUNSTAN Download original document: “Select Committee on Wind Farm Developments in South Australia, 17 July 2013” Complete article »

Noise & Health, 2004–2006: Health consequences of noise and low-frequency noise annoyance 
Low-frequency noise and annoyance HG Leventhall Noise and Vibration Consultant, Ashtead, Surrey, United Kingdom Noise Health 2004;6:59-72 Abstract: Low-frequency noise, the frequency range from about 10Hz to 200Hz, has been recognised as a special environmental noise problem, particularly to sensitive people in their homes. Conventional methods of assessing annoyance, typically based on A-weighted equivalent level, are inadequate for low frequency noise and lead to incorrect decisions by regulatory authorities. There have been a large number of laboratory measurements of annoyance . . . Complete article »

Wind Turbine Noise: International Congress on Acoustics 
International Congress on Acoustics, Montréal, 2-7 June 2013 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Vol. 133, No. 5, Pt. 2, May 2013 Draft Acoustical Society of America policy on wind turbine noise, as voted by those present at the Wind Turbine Noise Subcommittee of the Panel on Public Policy, 5 June 2013, in Montréal: Acoustic emissions and effects of wind turbines have been reported by individuals living near many of these facilities, and reported by some medical authorities, as . . . Complete article »

Wind Turbine Noise in May Journal of Acoustical Society of America 
Assessment of annoyance due to wind turbine noise. Pawlaczyk-Luszczynska M, Dudarewicz A, Zaborowski K, Zamojska M, Waszkowska M. Abstract: The overall aim of this study was to evaluate the perception and annoyance of noise from wind turbines in populated areas of Poland. The study group comprised 378 subjects. All subjects were interviewed using a questionnaire developed to enable evaluation of their living conditions, including prevalence of annoyance due to noise from wind turbines, and the self-assessment of physical health and . . . Complete article »

Annoyance and health problems in response to low-frequency noise 
Documents submitted by acoustician Paul Schomer to the Public Service Commission of Wisconsin for docket 2535-CE-100, application of Highland Wind Farm to construct a wind electric generation facility consisting of 41 wind turbines with a total capacity of 102.5 MW in the towns of Forest and Cylon in St. Croix County. Note: None of these papers mentions wind turbines, but low-frequency noise at levels such as these to cause health effects in at least some people has been well documented in . . . Complete article »

Testimony to Vt. Senate Committee for Health and Welfare 
Luann Therrien, Sheffield: “Before the turbines were built, we felt we did not know enough about Industrial Wind to have an informed opinion. We did not oppose them being built. We did not oppose the many inconveniences during construction that comes with a project this size. We did not oppose the project, not until it was up and running and creating noise. Creating noise that – unlike what the wind developers will try and make you believe – IS distinguishable . . . Complete article »

Testimony to Vt. Senate Natural Resources Committee 
Written testimony presented January 31, 2013, to the Vermont Senate Natural Resources Committee concerning S.30, a bill to establish a 3-year moratorium on industrial wind development in the state – provided by courtesy of Vermonters for a Clean Environment. Sandy Reider, physician, East Burke Stephen Ambrose, acoustician Shirley Nelson, Lowell wind neighbor Luann Therrien, Sheffield wind neighbor Erica Berl, Georgia Mountain wind neighbor Mary Boyer, chair, Windham selectboard Lisa Wright Garcia, West Rutland Steven Young, wildlife biologist Kim Fried, chair, Newark . . . Complete article »

Wind farms, communities and ecosystems: Special issue of Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society 
Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society, October 2011, 31(5) Occupational Health and Industrial Wind Turbines: A Case Study Robert W. Rand, Rand Acoustics, Brunswick, Maine, USA Stephen E. Ambrose, S. E. Ambrose & Associates, Windham, Maine, USA Carmen M. E. Krogh, Killaloe, Ontario, Canada Abstract: Industrial wind turbines (IWTs) are being installed at a fast pace globally. Researchers, medical practitioners, and media have reported adverse health effects resulting from living in the environs of IWTs. While there have been some . . . Complete article »

Wind turbine noise and health: Special issue of Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society 
Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society, August 2011, 31(4) Wind Turbine Noise John P. Harrison Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada Abstract: Following an introduction to noise and noise regulation of wind turbines, the problem of adverse health effects of turbine noise is discussed. This is attributed to the characteristics of turbine noise and deficiencies in the regulation of this noise. Both onshore and offshore wind farms are discussed. [download PDF – Harrison] The Problems With “Noise Numbers” for Wind Farm . . . Complete article »

Renewable energy and jobs: 4 studies 
Study of the effects on employment of public aid to renewable energy sources [Spain] Wind energy: The case of Denmark Economic impacts from the promotion of renewable energies: The German experience The economic impact of renewable energy policy in Scotland and the UK Complete article »

Recent bird and bat wind turbine research 
Barriers to movement: Modelling energetic costs of avoiding marine wind farms amongst breeding seabirds. Masden EA, Haydon DT, Fox AD, Furness RW. Boyd Orr Centre for Population and Ecosystem Health, University of Glasgow, Scotland. Abstract Proposals for wind farms in areas of known importance for breeding seabirds highlight the need to understand the impacts of these structures. Using an energetic modelling approach, we examine the effects of wind farms as barriers to movement on seabirds of differing morphology. Additional costs, . . . Complete article »

Middlesex Wind Action Group; Various
Wind turbines and health — videos from Clinton, Ontario 
Health Studies Before Wind Turbines — Dr. Robert McMurtry MD FRCSC FACS speaks to a large gathering in Clinton, Ontario about the health issues that are arising in Ontario homes that are close to wind turbine developments. He stresses that a full independent epidemiological study is needed before these developments are installed, but unfortunately the Ontario government is trying not to listen, and people continue to become ill. The only recourse left is to take the provincial government to court: . . . Complete article »

Wind Turbine Syndrome 
As deleted from Wikipedia (also see main article “Health Effects of Wind Power“): Wind turbine syndrome (WTS) is a cluster of clinical symptoms first formally identified by British physician Amanda Harry, MD, and subsequently given the name Wind Turbine Syndrome and a pathophysiological explanation by New York State behavioral pediatrician Nina Pierpont, MD, PhD. WTS refers to the discrete constellation of symptoms that some – not all – people experience when living near wind turbines, symptoms which Pierpont and other clinicians maintain . . . Complete article »

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