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Resource Documents by Udo, F

le Pair, C.; Udo, F.; and de Groot, K.
Wind turbines as yet unsuitable as electricity providers
Wind turbines have been widely accepted as electricity producers thanks to claims that wind comes free of charge, and each kWh thus produced replaces a kWh provided by conventional techniques, i.e., it saves the fossil fuel otherwise needed. However, these assumptions have never been validated in existing power distribution systems even after the installation of as much as 86 GW of wind power in Europe alone. The wind energy flux varies with the third power of the wind speed. Wind . . . Complete article »

Udo, Fred
Wind energy in the Irish power system
Abstract. This article describes the influence of wind energy on the CO₂ output of the fossil-fired generation of electricity in Ireland. Where most available publications on this subject are based on models, the present study makes use of real-time production data. It is shown that in absence of hydro energy, the CO₂ production of the conventional generators increases with wind energy penetration. The data show that the reduction of CO₂ emissions is, at most, a few percent if gas fired . . . Complete article »

Udo, Fred; de Groot, Kees; and le Pair, Kees
Wind turbines as a source of electricity
Introduction Wind turbines are being built in large numbers. In the Netherlands the Government aims facilitating 12 GW wind power in the coming 10 years. Aiming to provide 20% of Dutch electricity from wind, Minister Verhagen of Economic Affairs, Agriculture and Innovation gave the following response to questions in Parliament: “In order to realize an increase in renewable electricity (generation) from 9 to 35% by (the year) 2020 a further growth of wind power on land is necessary as this . . . Complete article »

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