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Resource Documents by Michaud, David

Michaud, David; et al.
Derivation and application of a composite annoyance reaction construct based on multiple wind turbine features
Abstract — Objectives: Noise emissions from wind turbines are one of multiple wind turbine features capable of generating annoyance that ranges in magnitude from not at all annoyed to extremely annoyed. No analysis to date can simultaneously reflect the change in all magnitudes of annoyance toward multiple wind turbine features. The primary objective in this study was to use principal component analysis (PCA) to provide a single construct for overall annoyance to wind turbines based on reactions to noise, blinking . . . Complete article »

Michaud, David; et al.
Association between self-reported and objective measures of health and aggregate annoyance scores toward wind turbine installations
Abstract — Objective: An aggregate annoyance construct has been developed to account for annoyance that ranges from not at all annoyed to extremely annoyed, toward multiple wind turbine features. The practical value associated with aggregate annoyance would be strengthened if it was related to health. The objective of the current paper was to assess the association between aggregate annoyance and multiple measures of health. Methods: The analysis was based on data originally collected as part of Health Canada’s Community Noise . . . Complete article »

Michaud, David; Keith, Stephen; et al.
Self-reported and objectively measured health indicators among a sample of Canadians living within the vicinity of industrial wind turbines
This is the detailed description of the methodology used for the Health Canada/Statistics Canada “Wind Turbine Noise and Health Study”, the preliminary results of which are summarized at From the summary of results: The following were not found to be associated with WTN exposure: self-reported sleep (e.g., general disturbance, use of sleep medication, diagnosed sleep disorders); self-reported illnesses (e.g., dizziness, tinnitus, prevalence of frequent migraines and headaches) and chronic health conditions (e.g., heart disease, high blood pressure and diabetes); . . . Complete article »

Michaud, David; Bly, Stephen; and Keith, Stephen
Using a change in percentage highly annoyed with noise as a potential health effect measure for projects under the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act
(Abstract) Health Canada is in the process of developing a document, Guidance for Environmental Assessment: Health Impacts of Noise (Guidance) on how to assess noise impacts in environmental assessments. The guidance document is needed to assist Health Canada in providing consistent expert advice on the health effects of project noise, when requested under the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act (CEAA). Differences exist between various noise mitigation criteria used in environmental assessments from across Canada, Therefore, the first step for Health Canada . . . Complete article »

Keith, Stephen; Michaud, David; and Bly, Stephen
Proposal for evaluating the potential health effects of wind turbine noise for projects under the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act
Abstract: The Canadian Environmental Assessment Act (CEAA) requires certain projects with federal government triggers to undergo an environmental assessment before receiving federal government approval. On request under CEAA, Health Canada provides advice on the health effects of noise to responsible authorities for wind turbine projects. The advice that Health Canada provides on the health effects of noise is generally based only on well-accepted scientific evidence for a link between noise exposure and health. For quiet rural areas, in which annoyance . . . Complete article »

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