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Resource Documents by Krogh

Dumbrille, Anne; McMurtry, Robert; and Krogh, Carmen
Wind turbines and adverse health effects: Applying Bradford Hill’s criteria for causation 
Abstract – The weight of evidence indicates occurrences of adverse health effects (AHEs) from living and working near industrial wind turbines (IWTs). Descriptions of the AHEs being reported by those living or working near the turbines are similar. While these occurrences have been associated with exposure to audible and inaudible noise annoyance, the causation of reported wind turbine-associated health effects remains controversial. Establishing an argument of causation of adverse health outcomes has important clinical, scientific, and societal implications. Bradford Hill (BH) . . . Complete article »

McMurtry, Robert; and Krogh, Carmen
Response to McCunney et al: Wind turbines and health: an examination of a proposed case definition 
Some people living in the environs of industrial wind turbines (IWTs) report experiencing adverse health effects (AHE/IWT). Reported effects include annoyance, sleep disturbance, stress-related health impacts and reduced quality of life. In some cases, families have effectively abandoned their homes, been billeted by wind energy developers or have negotiated financial agreements with developers.[1] McMurtry and Krogh[2] presented Diagnostic criteria for adverse health effects in the environs of wind turbines to assist medical practitioners presented with patients reporting AHE/IWTs. Noise and . . . Complete article »

McMurtry, Robert; and Krogh, Carmen
Diagnostic criteria for adverse health effects in the environs of wind turbines 
Summary In an effort to address climate change, governments have pursued policies that seek to reduce greenhouse gases. Alternative energy, including wind power, has been proposed by some as the preferred approach. Few would debate the need to reduce air pollution, but the means of achieving this reduction is important not only for efficiency but also for health protection. The topic of adverse health effects in the environs of industrial wind turbines (AHE/IWT) has proven to be controversial and can . . . Complete article »

Krogh, Carmen
Harm from wind turbines – What has been known for decades 
University of Waterloo Seminar, May 7, 2014 Definitions 1948: Definition of health Constitution of the World Health Organization: “Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. The enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health is one of the fundamental rights of every human being without distinction of race, religion, political belief, economic or social condition.” Acknowledgement: Annoyance Annoyance is acknowledged to be an adverse health effect. Health . . . Complete article »

Krogh, Carmen
Adverse Health Effects and Industrial Wind Energy Facilities 
To:  Dr Steve Hambleton, President, Australian Medical Association I am aware of the Australian Medical Association position (2014) regarding risk of health associated with industrial wind turbines. As background, I am an independent, full time volunteer and published researcher regarding health effects and industrial wind energy facilities and share information with communities, individuals, authorities, wind energy developers, the industry and others. I am a co-author of three articles, one a review, published in Canadian rural medical journals, Can J Rural . . . Complete article »

Jeffery, Roy; Krogh, Carmen; and Horner, Brett
Industrial wind turbines and adverse health effects 
Introduction: Some people living in the environs of industrial wind turbines (IWTs) report experiencing adverse health and socioeconomic effects. This review considers the hypothesis that annoyance from audible IWTs is the cause of these adverse health effects. Methods: We searched PubMed and Google Scholar for articles published since 2000 that included the terms “wind turbine health,” “wind turbine infrasound,” “wind turbine annoyance,” “noise annoyance” or “low frequency noise” in the title or abstract. Results: Industrial wind turbines produce sound that . . . Complete article »

Jeffery, Roy; Krogh, Carmen; and Horner, Brett
Adverse health effects of industrial wind turbines 
Abstract Canadian family physicians can expect to see increasing numbers of rural patients reporting adverse effects from exposure to industrial wind turbines (IWTs). People who live or work in close proximity to IWTs have experienced symptoms that include decreased quality of life, annoyance, stress, sleep disturbance, headache, anxiety, depression, and cognitive dysfunction. Some have also felt anger, grief, or a sense of injustice. Suggested causes of symptoms include a combination of wind turbine noise, infrasound, dirty electricity, ground current, and . . . Complete article »

Krogh, Carmen
Risk of Harm and Industrial Wind Energy Facilities: Physicians as Health Advocates 
1. Purpose The purpose of this commentary is: To share some examples of comments received from those reporting adverse health issues to their family physician; To share a snapshot of some of the peer reviewed and other evidence; To encourage that those reporting adverse health ask their family physicians to invoke the precautionary principle; and To encourage their family physicians to advocate for the health and social well- being of families regarding the siting of industrial wind energy facilities in . . . Complete article »

Ambrose, Stephen; Rand, Robert; and Krogh, Carmen
Falmouth, Massachusetts, wind turbine infrasound and low frequency noise measurements 
[Abstract] Falmouth, Massachusetts has experienced non-predicted adverse acoustic and health impacts from an industrial wind turbine (IWT) sited close to neighbors. The public response from this quiet rural area has been very vocal for a majority of homeowners living within 3000 feet. Complaints have ranged from the unexpectedly loud with constant fluctuations and the nonaudible pressure fluctuations causing a real loss of public health and well-being. Early research indicates that both the IHC and OHC functions of the ear receive . . . Complete article »

Krogh, Carmen; Jeffery, Roy; Aramini, Jeff; and Horner, Brett
3 papers: wind turbine noise and human health 
Papers presented at Inter-Noise 2012, August 19-22, 2012, New York, N.Y. Annoyance can represent a serious degradation of health: wind turbine noise a case study Carmen ME Krogh, Roy D Jeffery, Jeff Aramini, and Brett Horner [download PDF] Annoyance is often discounted as a health concern. Wind turbine noise is perceived to be more annoying than other equally loud sources of sound. The Ontario government commissioned a report which concludes a non-trivial percentage those exposed to wind turbine sound will . . . Complete article »

Ambrose, Stephen; Rand, Robert; and Krogh, Carmen
Wind Turbine Acoustic Investigation: Infrasound and Low-Frequency Noise — A Case Study 
Abstract. Wind turbines produce sound that is capable of disturbing local residents and is reported to cause annoyance, sleep disturbance, and other health-related impacts. An acoustical study was conducted to investigate the presence of infrasonic and low-frequency noise emissions from wind turbines located in Falmouth, Massachusetts, USA. During the study, the investigating acousticians experienced adverse health effects consistent with those reported by some Falmouth residents. The authors conclude that wind turbine acoustic energy was found to be greater than or . . . Complete article »

Krogh, Carmen
Peer-reviewed articles regarding adverse health effects of industrial wind turbines 
Wind turbine noise seems to affect health adversely; an independent review of evidence is needed Hanning and Evans, BMJ 2012;344:e1527 (Published 8 March 2012) Wind farms, communities and ecosystems: Special issue of Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society, October 2011, 31(5) Occupational Health and Industrial Wind Turbines: A Case Study – Rand, Ambrose, and Krogh A Review of the Current Evidence Regarding Industrial Wind Turbines and Property Values From a Homeowner’s Perspective – Gulden Omitted Costs, . . . Complete article »

Krogh, Carmen
Re: Wind Turbine Health Impact Study: Report of Independent Expert Panel 
The purpose of this letter is to respond to the Wind Turbine Health Impact Study: Report of Independent Expert Panel of January 2012 that was prepared for the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection, Massachusetts Department of Public Health. I would like to share excerpts from Ontario, Canada experiences regarding the serious risks to health that can occur when industrial wind turbines are sited in close proximity to residents. As background, I have held senior executive positions at a teaching hospital, . . . Complete article »

Krogh, Carmen; and Horner, Brett
Summary of new evidence: Adverse health effects and industrial wind turbines, August 2011 
In previous communications, evidence has been provided regarding the risk of adverse health effects and industrial wind turbines (IWTs). Up to now, the siting of IWTs in Ontario is based on predictive computer modelling. While there is ample evidence regarding adverse health effects, the conduct of human health studies to determine regulations for setbacks and noise levels that protect health is still lacking. The purpose of this document is to inform authorities and decision makers of new evidence, including articles . . . Complete article »

Sprague, Terry; Harrington, M. Elizabeth; and Krogh, Carmen
Birds and Bird Habitat: What Are the Risks From Industrial Wind Turbine Exposure? 
Abstract: Bird kill rate and disruption of habitat has been reported when industrial wind turbines are introduced into migratory bird paths or other environments. The industrial wind energy industry and its proponents typically deny or assume mitigation will manage the potential risks to birds and habitat. While the literature could be more complete regarding the documentation of negative effects on birds and bird habitats during the planning, construction, and operation of wind power projects, there is sufficient evidence to raise . . . Complete article »

Krogh, Carmen
Noise, Including Industrial Wind Turbines, and Adverse Health Effects 
A brief overview of references, excerpted from work compiled by Brett Horner World Health Organization recognizes annoyance and sleep disturbance as adverse health effects. Regarding noise induced annoyance the US Environmental Protection Agency states “‘annoyance’ can have major consequences, primarily to one’s overall health.” … Noise is an environmental stressor which can cause stress-related adverse health effects. “The subjective experience of noise stress can, through central nervous processes, lead to an inadequate neuro-endocrine reaction and finally lead to regulatory diseases.” … Difficulty . . . Complete article »

Stelling, Keith; and Krogh, Carmen
Summary of Recent Research on Adverse Health Effects of Wind Turbines 
Authorities and politicians in Ontario have been repeatedly warned that industrial wind turbines are having an adverse effect on the health of those living nearby. Health complaints are not peculiar to this province but are consistent throughout the world wherever large industrial wind turbines have been installed. Contrary to the claims of the industry, there is a growing body of peer-reviewed research substantiating these health claims. This report attempts to catalogue the most recent. A generally acknowledged major concern about . . . Complete article »

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