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    Source:  Vermonters for a Clean Environment

    Wind Issues in Vermont 

    Source:  Vermonters for a Clean Environment | Publications, Vermont

    • Divided Communities – Foreign corporations with government subsidies
      • Enel (Italy), Iberdrola (Spain), Gaz-­‐Metro (Canada), Nordex (Germany)
    • Expensive Regulatory Process, Intervenors Consistently Ignored by PSB
      • $0 for Towns to participate in the Public Service Board process
    • Economics – $$ to “host” town, neighboring towns get $0 or token payments, and negative impacts
      • Confidential power costs
      • Selling Renewable Energy Credits (RECs) out of state, while getting credit for the SPEED program requirements
    • Aviation – Interference with radar and safety issues for airports, gliders, hang gliders
    • Aesthetics – Vermont’s landscape and “Unspoiled” “Beautiful” “Mountains”
      • Tourism and second home economic impacts have not been evaluated
      • Flashing red lights visible beyond 10 miles
    • Noise & Health – PSB standard 45 dBA, a level that guarantees complaints
      • Infrasound – noise produced by wind turbines, not regulated
      • Sleep disturbance, nausea, vertigo, headaches, increased blood pressure
    • Setbacks from Property Lines – National norm is 1.1x total height, 1.5x for ice throw. Vestas recommends 1300 foot setbacks.
      • 188 feet permitted on Georgia Mountain for 420 foot tall turbines
      • 196 feet permitted on Lowell Mountain for 459 foot tall turbines (adjoining property owners sued by wind developers in both cases)
    • Shadow Flicker and reflection/glare
    • Safety Issues – Blade throw, ice throw, collapse, fire
    • Land Access – Posted land around turbines
    • Property Values – Lempster NH: dozens of homes for sale around wind project; home sales in Sutton VT chilled
      • Clarkson Univ. study – 17% property value decline in 2 of 3 NY counties
    • Technology Failures
      • Clipper Turbines known to be a flawed design – Sheffield/First Wind
      • Gearbox failures regardless of manufacturer at 5-7 years
      • Danes acknowledging lifespan is 10-15 years, not 20-25
    • Environmental & Natural Resource Impacts
      • Bears
      • Birds
      • Bats
      • Wildlife
      • Habitat fragmentation
      • Connectivity
      • High Altitude Forests
      • Carbon sequestration
      • Headwaters
      • Wetlands
      • Water Supplies
      • Sensitive Soils
      • Steep Slopes
      • Blasting
      • Stormwater Runoff
      • Iron Floc, Oil
    • Intermittency & Claims about number of homes powered
      • Until we have storage, intermittency is an issue
      • Electric cars promise storage, not yet affordable
      • Claims about # of homes powered based on nameplate, not actual output
    • Grid Integration Issues
      • Grid constraints – curtailment when electricity not needed or cannot be integrated into the system
      • GMP must do $10 million upgrade, cost not factored into PSB review
    • Lack of Independent Monitoring for Noise, Wildlife and Water Impacts
    • Lack of Transparency
    • Inadequacy of Decommissioning Funds & Plans
    • Lack of Planning for Statewide & Cumulative Impacts
    • Do Wind Turbines in New England Reduce Fossil Fuel Consumption and Greenhouse Gas Emissions?
      • Northern New England wind projects competing with other renewables like biomass and hydro
      • Producing electricity when there is no demand. Solar better match to shave peak load.
      • Oil, coal and nuclear being displaced by natural gas
        • Coal plants run infrequently, primarily when cold and natural gas price is high
        • Oil usage for electric generation was .6% in 2011, sometimes needed for reliability
        • Coal and nuclear are baseload plants that do not ramp
      • Most efficient natural gas plant in the ISO-­‐NE system is inefficient when it ramps in response to wind
        • NE grid has no flex natural gas generators designed to ramp efficiently
      • $2 billion has been spent to built 767 MW of big wind in New England at less than 30% capacity factor or about 200 MW of power with 5% reliability factor and no demonstrated fossil fuel and greenhouse gas emission reduction.

    Download original flyer: “Wind Issues in Vermont”

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